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Seventeen Percent of Cancer Nurses Unintentionally Exposed to Chemotherapy

 

ScienceDaily (Aug. 23, 2011) — Nearly 17 percent of nurses who work in outpatient chemotherapy infusion centers reported being exposed on their skin or eyes to the toxic drugs they deliver, according to a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.—The study surveyed 1,339 oncology nurses from one state who did not work in inpatient hospital units. About 84 percent of chemotherapy is delivered in outpatient settings, largely by nurses. Results appear online in the journal BMJ Quality and Safety.—“Any unintentional exposure to the skin or eyes could be just as dangerous as a needle stick,” says lead study author Christopher Friese, R.N., Ph.D., assistant professor at the U-M School of Nursing.—“We have minimized needle stick incidents so that they are rare events that elicit a robust response from administrators. Nurses go immediately for evaluation and prophylactic treatment. But we don’t have that with chemotherapy exposure,” Friese says.—Safety guidelines for chemotherapy drug administration have been issued by organizations such as the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. But these guidelines are not mandatory. Guidelines include recommendations for using gowns, gloves and other protective gear when handling chemotherapy drugs.—The U-M Comprehensive Cancer Center adheres to these safety guidelines and has procedures in place to implement and enforce them for all staff who administer chemotherapy drugs. U-M nurses did not participate in this study.–The study authors found that practices that had more staffing and resources reported fewer exposures. Also, practices in which two or more nurses were required to verify chemotherapy orders — part of the suggested guidelines — had fewer exposures.”This research shows that paying attention to the workload, the health of an organization, and the quality of working conditions pays off. It’s not just about job satisfaction — it’s likely to lower the risk of these occupational hazards,” Friese says.—Unlike needle sticks where a specific virus is involved and preventive treatments can be given, it’s more difficult to link chemotherapy exposure to a direct health effect. That makes it more difficult for health care systems to respond to these incidents. Unintentional chemotherapy exposure can affect the nervous system, impair the reproductive system and confer a future risk of blood cancers.–Friese collaborated in this study with the U-M School of Nursing’s Occupational Health Nursing Program, which focuses on training nurses to promote injury prevention and protect against work-related injuries and environmental hazards on the job. By combining this practical occupational health perspective with the expertise of quality and safety researchers, the team hopes to better understand what happens during chemotherapy exposure and what can be done in the work place to prevent it.—“If we ensure patient safety, we should also ensure employee safety by strictly adhering to the national safety guidelines and providing staff education on these guidelines,” Friese says.—Additional authors: Laurel-Himes Ferris; Megan N. Frasier; Marjorie C. McCullagh, R.N., Ph.D.; and Jennifer J. Griggs, M.D., M.P.H.

 

Funding: National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health, U-M Comprehensive Cancer Center Story Source-The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by University of Michigan Health System.—Journal Reference—C. R. Friese, L. Himes-Ferris, M. N. Frasier, M. C. McCullagh, J. J. Griggs. Structures and processes of care in ambulatory oncology settings and nurse-reported exposure to chemotherapy. BMJ Quality & Safety, 2011; DOI: 10.1136/bmjqs-2011-000178

 

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How and why exactly does sodium chloride affects microorganisms? or bacteria? In another word, how does preservative(salt) works?

 

All organisms with a semipermeable membrane are subject to osmotic pressure, or the effect of water moving in and out of the cell. Bacteria have a cell membrane and a cell wall. Bacteria must live in an aqueous (watery) environment. Most often this is a hypotonic environment, in other words, the concentration of water outside the cell is greater than the concentration of water inside the cell. This causes the net movement of more water into the cell than outside. If the bacterium did not have a cell wall, this could cause the cell to burst. (In fact, many antibiotics work by causing an ineffective cell wall to be made, which allows the bacterial cell to burst under water pressure). So why does salt work as a preservative? Because when the outside environment around a cell is salty, then the concentration of water in the solution is less than inside the cell and water tends to leave the cell. This causes the cell to dehydrate, which eventually kills the cell. By subjecting bacteria to a salty environment, it keeps them from growing. Some bacteria however, have adapted to living in salty environments, such as Staph. bacteria a common skin inhabitant. Your skin tends to be salty-this is one way your body protects you against bacteria on your skin. But even Staph can’t live in highly salty surroundings, such as salted foods like ham, etc.

 

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The major effect of salt as a preservative is that it withdraws water from microorganisms if the external salt concentration is high enough. The microbes would shrivel and die, spores would not be killed but would not be able to germinate. High concentrations of sugar have the same effect. The physical term for this is hypertonic tension. Some bacteria have learned to cope with high salt concentrations and can live in saline waters. Fortunately they are not pathogenic

 

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There are several ways in which salt and sugar inhibit microbial growth. The most notable is simple osmosis, or dehydration. Salt or sugar, whether in solid or aqueous form, attempts to reach equilibrium with the salt or sugar content of the food product with which it is in contact. This has the effect of drawing available water from within the food to the outside and inserting salt or sugar molecules into the food interior. The result is a reduction of the so-called product water activity (aw), a measure of unbound, free water molecules in the food that is necessary for microbial survival and growth. The aw of most fresh foods is 0.99 whereas the aw necessary to inhibit growth of most bacteria is roughly 0.91. Yeasts and molds, on the other hand, usually require even lower aw to prevent growth.————- Salt and sugar’s other antimicrobial mechanisms include interference with a microbe’s enzyme activity and weakening the molecular structure of its DNA. Sugar may also provide an indirect form of preservation by serving to accelerate accumulation of antimicrobial compounds from the growth of certain other organisms. Examples include the conversion of sugar to ethanol in wine by fermentative yeasts or the conversion of sugar to organic acids in sauerkraut by lactic acid bacteria.————- Microorganisms differ widely in their ability to resist salt- or sugar-induced reductions of aw. Most disease-causing bacteria do not grow below 0.94 aw (roughly 10 percent sodium chloride concentration), whereas most molds that spoil foods grow at an aw as low as 0.80, corresponding to highly concentrated salt or sugar solutions. Yet other microorganisms grow quite well under even more highly osmotic, low aw conditions. For example, halophiles are an entire class of “salt-loving” bacteria that actually require a significant level of salt to grow and are capable of spoiling salt-cured foods. These include members of the genera Halobacillus and Halococcus. Food products that are concentrated sugar solutions, such as concentrated fruit juices, can be spoiled by sugar-loving yeasts such as species of Zygosaccharomyces. Nevertheless, use of salt and sugar curing to prevent microbial growth is an ancient technique that remains important today for the preservation of foods.—

 

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Deaths from Strong Prescription Painkillers Are On the Increase

 

ScienceDaily (Aug. 23, 2011) — Action is needed to tackle the increasing number of deaths in the United States and Canada from prescription painkillers known as opioids, say experts in an article published online in the British Medical Journal.—-Opioids are prescription painkillers that contain compounds derived from the opium poppy.—While they have long been used to control the symptoms of cancer and acute medical conditions, they are increasingly being used to control chronic pain, for example in patients suffering from osteoarthritis, say Dr Irfan Dhalla and colleagues at the University of Toronto.—They describe how in the US, deaths involving opioid painkillers increased from 4,041 in 1999 to 14,459 in 2007 and are now more common than deaths from skin cancer, HIV and alcoholic liver disease. They add that between 1.4 million and 1.9 million Germans are addicted to prescription drugs and that some authorities have suggested that the UK may face a similar epidemic to that of North America in five to ten years time. Indeed, the use of strong opioids for chronic non-cancer pain in the UK has been described as a “disaster in the making” by Dr. Des Spence previously on bmj.com.—-Dr. Dhalla and colleagues add that “deaths involving methadone and codeine roughly doubled in England and Wales between 2005 and 2009, while deaths involving heroin or morphine remained unchanged.”—In order to tackle the crisis in the US and Canada, the authors put forward several strategies.—They say staff working for drug companies should not get commission for marketing prescription opioid drugs and that regulators should evaluate adverts for them before they are disseminated[U1]. Another initiative would be to introduce real-time electronic databases to reduce the frequency with which opioids are obtained from multiple doctors or pharmacies.[U2] Dhalla and colleagues also call for educational outreach programmes for doctors to improve opioid prescribing, as well as more research to guide practice. They note that the evidence for the use of opioids to control chronic pain is very limited and the risks may outweigh the benefits.—In conclusion, they say that maintaining access to opioids for appropriately selected patients while striving for major reductions in overdose deaths must be a major priority for physicians and policymakers.—-Story Source-The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by BMJ-British Medical Journal, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.–Journal Reference:–I. A. Dhalla, N. Persaud, D. N. Juurlink. Facing up to the prescription opioid crisis. BMJ, 2011; 343 (aug23 1): d5142 DOI: 10.1136/bmj.d5142

 

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How to make Iodine Crystals

 

 

2% Iodine tincture extraction method

 

First, I will explain some of the acronyms that will appear in this tutorial. DH2O is for distilled water. It is just H2O, which is water, with a “D” for distilled in front of it. Next, H2O2 is hydrogen peroxide. For this iodine crystal extraction, we will be using a store bought 3% H2O2 solution. HCL is the next acronym on the list. It stands for hydrochloric acid. It can be bought at any hardware store, usually as a driveway or pool cleaner. The label will usually say muriatic acid, which is a solution of HCL around 30%.

 

Now to the extraction. Always remember to wear safety equipment! You should always at the very least have on goggles and gloves rated to withstand what you are working with. Never breathe in any vapors coming from the chemicals you are working in. ALWAYS do this in a well ventilated area

In a ratio form, this is what you will be using for reagents:

Four parts 2% iodine tincture

One part DH2O

 

Two parts 3% H2O2

 

You will also need .75 ml 30% HCL per fluid ounce of iodine tincture. You will need a container to hold all of the fluids you now have in front of you. It doesn’t matter if its a bowl, jar, beaker, or anything else. Just make sure to always use glassware.

 

FYou start out by pouring the iodine tincture into the container. Slowly add the DH20 and stir, but always avoid splashing. Then, slowly add the HCL and stir.

 

At this point, you need to wait for about 15 minutes to let the reagents do their work. — After you have waited 15 minutes, add the H2O2 slowly while stirring. At this point, you need to wait for 12 hours. — Now, you need to have a filter and another container ready. I recommend an ultra fine plastic mesh cone filter. It won’t clog, and it won’t absorb any of the liquid. Sometime the color will be too dark, and you can add a bit more H2O2 and let it sit for a second pull. Now you need to rinse the crystals that remain in the filter with copious amounts of water. After this, spoon or tap them onto a stack of three coffee filters. Fold the filters so nothing can come out. Now take some paper towels and wrap them around the filter and try to get as much of the moisture out as you can. The final step is to drop the still closed filter into a container with Damp-Rid or any kind of moisture absorbing product. If you chose to add more H2O2, proceed in the same fashion for the second pull. — The final product from the iodine crystal extraction should be stored in an air-tight container where little light is present. Light and moisture will degrade your iodine crystals.

 

FThe second iodine extraction method is a newer one, formed from my own experimentation. Its main advantage is increased iodine crystal yield. For anyone who will actually be using the product instead of just performing the iodine crystal extraction for fun, this will be a huge benefit for you.

 

For this iodine crystal extraction, the same acronyms apply, and the same safety procedures apply as well. Please do not bypass the safety procedures on this extraction or any technique using chemicals.

 

7% Iodine tincture extraction method

The reagents you will need are:

One pint 7% iodine tincture

One pint 3% H2O2

Two cups DH2O

One ounce HCL

 

1) Pour the iodine tincture into a gallon or half gallon jar. 2) Slowly pour in the DH2O and mix well. 3)Now pour in the HCL, stir, and wait fifteen minutes. 4) After the fifteen minutes, slowly pour in the H2O2 while stirring. Seal the jar with a lid. If the lid you are using is metal, make sure to put saran wrap or a Ziploc bag over the mouth of the jar and rubber band it tightly in place. Let the mixture sit for twelve hours. Now, you need to filter the crystals out with a ultra fine plastic mesh cone filter, or any filter of your choice. Make sure to save the liquid. Tap the crystals into a stack of three coffee filters and wrap them up. Use paper towels to dry as much of the moisture out of the filters as you can. Finish by dropping the still wrapped up iodine crystals into a container of Damp-Rid or any kind of moisture absorbing product. Now, add another one-quarter cup H2O2 to the liquid and repeat the previous steps the harvest another five to ten grams of iodine crystals. You should yield 45-48 grams of dry iodine crystals from this method if done correctly. —

The final product from the iodine crystal extraction should be stored in an air-tight container where little light is present. Light and moisture will degrade your iodine crystals.

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iodine#Applications

 

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Making Iodide crystals by using store bought tincture of iodine

30 mls of Hydrochloric acid or muiriatic acid –1/2 :1 ratio to a 30 ml bottle—so if using 60 mls the then you are using 15 mls of HCl acid to 30 mls of Iodine

then you are adding 60 mls of Hydrogen peroxide to 60 mls of iodine—again here it is a 1:1—start of with adding the iodine in a container per every 30 ml then follow the ratio to acids ( 15ml) and peroxide ( 30 ml) mix well til there is separation when separated then filter out the components and then rinse at the end with water—-you will have a Iodide crystal

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y0kVTEafyXU

 

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Tincture of Iodine

Add 2 g of Iodine to 45 mL of ethanol and dissolve.

Dissolve this mixture in 55 mL of distilled water.

Add 2.4 grams of KI to this mixture and dissolve.

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Isolating Elemental Iodine from Potassium Iodide

 

Iodine crystals are used in a couple of the experiments in the book. When I wrote those sections, iodine was freely available, but the DEA recently moved iodine to List I, which means it now requires completing paperwork and showing ID to purchase iodine. Fortunately, there’s a very easy way around this problem. You can isolate elemental iodine from potassium iodide, which is included in one of the chemical kits. To do so, take the following steps:

 

1. Weigh out 2.0 g of potassium iodide and transfer it to a test tube.

 

2. Add about 1.5 mL of distilled water to the test tube and swirl to dissolve the potassium iodide.

 

3. Add 1.5 mL of concentrated hydrochloric acid (or about 1.8 mL of hardware store muriatic acid) to the test tube and swirl to mix the solutions.

 

4. Add about 10 mL of drugstore 3% hydrogen peroxide. The solution immediately turns dark brown as the iodide ions are oxidized to elemental iodine, which precipitates out.

 

5. Swirl the test tube to suspend the iodine and pour the liquid through a funnel with a folded piece of filter paper to capture the iodine crystals.

 

6. Rinse the iodine crystals on the filter paper several times with a few mL of distilled water. The rinse solution appears brown from dissolved iodine, but iodine is not very soluble in water, so you’re not losing much of your yield.

 

7. Spread out the filter paper on a watch glass or saucer and allow the crystals to dry thoroughly. Iodine gradually sublimates (passes directly from solid to gaseous form) at room temperature, so don’t leave the crystals exposed to air any longer than necessary to dry them.

 

8. Once the crystals are dry, transfer them to a sealed storage bottle or vial.

 

These quantities produce a gram or so of iodine, which is sufficient for the experiments that require it. If you need more iodine, simply increase all quantities proportionately.

 

 

 

TOP A

 

[U1]Like this is really going to be enforced??? The reason so many people are dying of these drugs is due to the fact they are the most prescribed and make the doctor the most money
[U2]Again who is this person kidding—they will get it from someone or another doctor in another area and as long as there are dollars to be had there will always be a supply
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TOP B

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Show of the Week September 5 2011

 

Aliens may destroy humanity to protect other civilizations, say scientists

 

Pectin Benefits and Recipe

 

Making your own Antibiotic –AntiFungal- AntiViral- Anti Parasite

 

Reason For the COMBO

 

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Aliens may destroy humanity to protect other civilisations, say scientists

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2011/aug/18/aliens-destroy-humanity-protect-civilisations

 

Rising greenhouse emissions could tip off aliens that we are a rapidly expanding threat, warns a report When they see what a mess we’ve made of our planet, extraterrestrials may be forced to take drastic action. Photograph: PR

It may not rank as the most compelling reason to curb greenhouse gases, but reducing our emissions might just save humanity from a pre-emptive alien attack, scientists claim.—Watching from afar, extraterrestrial beings might view changes in Earth’s atmosphere as symptomatic of a civilisation growing out of control – and take drastic action to keep us from becoming a more serious threat, the researchers explain. This highly speculative scenario is one of several described by a Nasa-affiliated scientist and colleagues at Pennsylvania State University that, while considered unlikely, they say could play out were humans and alien life to make contact at some point in the future. Shawn Domagal-Goldman of Nasa’s Planetary Science Division and his colleagues compiled a list of plausible outcomes that could unfold in the aftermath of a close encounter, to help humanity “prepare for actual contact”.—In their report, Would Contact with Extraterrestrials Benefit or Harm Humanity? A Scenario Analysis, the researchers divide alien contacts into three broad categories: beneficial, neutral or harmful.—Beneficial encounters ranged from the mere detection of extraterrestrial intelligence (ETI), for example through the interception of alien broadcasts, to contact with cooperative organisms that help us advance our knowledge and solve global problems such as hunger, poverty and disease.

Another beneficial outcome the authors entertain sees humanity triumph over a more powerful alien aggressor, or even being saved by a second group of ETs. “In these scenarios, humanity benefits not only from the major moral victory of having defeated a daunting rival, but also from the opportunity to reverse-engineer ETI technology,” the authors write.—Other kinds of close encounter may be less rewarding and leave much of human society feeling indifferent towards alien life. The extraterrestrials may be too different from us to communicate with usefully. They might invite humanity to join the “Galactic Club” only for the entry requirements to be too bureaucratic and tedious for humans to bother with. They could even become a nuisance, like the stranded, prawn-like creatures that are kept in a refugee camp in the 2009 South African movie, District 9, the report explains.—The most unappealing outcomes would arise if extraterrestrials caused harm to humanity, even if by accident. While aliens may arrive to eat, enslave or attack us, the report adds that people might also suffer from being physically crushed or by contracting diseases carried by the visitors. In especially unfortunate incidents, humanity could be wiped out when a more advanced civilisation accidentally unleashes an unfriendly artificial intelligence, or performs a catastrophic physics experiment that renders a portion of the galaxy uninhabitable.

To bolster humanity’s chances of survival, the researchers call for caution in sending signals into space, and in particular warn against broadcasting information about our biological make-up, which could be used to manufacture weapons that target humans. Instead, any contact with ETs should be limited to mathematical discourse “until we have a better idea of the type of ETI we are dealing with[U1].”—-The authors warn that extraterrestrials may be wary of civilisations that expand very rapidly, as these may be prone to destroy other life as they grow, just as humans have pushed species to extinction on Earth. In the most extreme scenario, aliens might choose to destroy humanity to protect other civilisations.–“A preemptive strike would be particularly likely in the early phases of our expansion because a civilisation may become increasingly difficult to destroy as it continues to expand. Humanity may just now be entering the period in which its rapid civilisational expansion could be detected by an ETI because our expansion is changing the composition of the Earth’s atmosphere, via greenhouse gas emissions,” the report states.–“Green” aliens might object to the environmental damage humans have caused on Earth and wipe us out to save the planet. “These scenarios give us reason to limit our growth and reduce our impact on global ecosystems. It would be particularly important for us to limit our emissions of greenhouse gases, since atmospheric composition can be observed from other planets,” the authors write. Even if we never make contact with extraterrestrials, the report argues that considering the potential scenarios may help to plot the future path of human civilisation, avoid collapse and achieve long-term survival.–• This article was amended on 19 August 2011. The subhead said the report was “for Nasa”. This has been corrected.

 

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Caffeine Lowers Risk of Skin Cancer: Coffee-Based Sunscreen Might Work Best

 

ScienceDaily (Aug. 15, 2011) — There might be a time when instead of just drinking that morning cup of coffee you lather it on your skin as a way of preventing harmful sun damage or skin cancer.—A new Rutgers study strengthens the theory that caffeine guards against certain skin cancers at the molecular level by inhibiting a protein enzyme in the skin, known as ATR. Scientists believe that based on what they have learned studying mice, caffeine applied directly to the skin might help prevent damaging UV light from causing skin cancer.—Prior research indicated that mice that were fed caffeinated water and exposed to lamps that generated UVB radiation that damaged the DNA in their skin cells were able to kill off a greater percentage of their badly damaged cells and reduce the risk of cells becoming cancerous.–“Although it is known that coffee drinking is associated with a decreased risk of non-melanoma skin cancer, there now needs to be studies to determine whether topical caffeine inhibits sunlight-induced skin cancer,” said Allan Conney, director of the Susan Lehman Cullman Laboratory for Cancer Research.—In this newly-published study, instead of inhibiting ATR with caffeinated water, Rutgers researchers, in collaboration with researchers from the University of Washington, genetically modified and diminished ATR in one group of mice. The results: the genetically modified mice developed tumors more slowly than the unmodified mice, had 69 percent fewer tumors than regular mice and developed four times fewer invasive tumors. The study also found, however, that when both groups of mice were exposed to chronic ultraviolet rays for an extended period of time, tumor development occurred in both the genetically modified and regular mice. What this seems to indicate, says Conney, is that inhibiting the ATR enzyme works best at the pre-cancerous stage before UV-induced skin cancers are fully developed.—According to the National Cancer Institute, sunlight-induced skin cancer is the most prevalent cancer in the United States with more than 1 million new cases each year. Although multiple human epidemiologic studies link caffeinated beverage intake with significant decreases in several different types of cancer, including skin cancer, just how and why coffee protects against the disease is unknown. “Caffeine might become a weapon in prevention because it inhibits ATR and also acts ad as a sunscreen and directly absorbs damaging UV light,” said Conney. Story Source-The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by Rutgers University. Journal Reference-Masaoki Kawasumi, Bianca Lemos, James E. Bradner, Renee Thibodeau, Yong-son Kim, Miranda Schmidt, Erin Higgins, Sang-wahn Koo, Aimee Angle-Zahn, Adam Chen, Douglas Levine, Lynh Nguyen, Timothy P. Heffernan, Isabel Longo, Anna Mandinova, Yao-Ping Lu, Allan H. Conney, and Paul Nghiem. Protection from UV-induced skin carcinogenesis by genetic inhibition of the ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related (ATR) kinase. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, August 15, 2011 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1111378108

 

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Making your own Antibiotic –AntiFungal- AntiViral- Anti Parasite

You will need honey—5-6 oz ( unpasteuruzed )

4-5 cloves of garlic peeled

20 drops of lugols

 

Add the Honey to the blender and start the blender going to get the honey malleable—thennadd the peeled off garlic to this –peel and put in as it is going or peel all of the garlic all at once and then add to the honey—Then add your Iodine 20 drops—( you can go ore or less depending on ho strong you want it I this cace this would be equivalent to 250 mgs of iodine )

 

When done- add to glass container—and use ½ -1 tsp increments

 

Suggested uses –Tooth ache take 1 teaspoon every 2 hours for 4 hours and after that use every 4 hours—in the interim no sugar or heavy foods and If at all utilize fluids or broths to allow for a clearance of the colon

 

Respiratory Issues –again 1 tsp every 2 -3 hours—no sugars or dairy ( other then yogurt and cinnamon and clove or a garlic and yogurt mix )

 

Infections 1 tsp every hour—Increase Vitamin C and enzymes or consume fruits high in protease ( protein break down enzymes)-use blood tonics as well and teas

 

For Prevention—take ½ tsp 2-3 times a day

 

For cholesterol regulating –take 1 tsp 4 times a day—use Sunflower Lecithin and Serrepetase or Full spectrum enzyme— you can consume appe and onion sauce as well

 

For Liver –use 1 teaspoon 4 – 5 times a day—as well as teas with nettle-dandelion-milk thistle and burdock

 

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TOP B

[U1]This To would be stupid–showing our mathematics may to a more advanced race say –hey there are a bunch of nursery school kids on that planet—easy pickings—before we look to aliens off world we need to look at theones here now running the planet—the infiltrated key elements and are literally fumigating the earth like a pest controlled populace of insects or pathogens—this is what is going on—People in the norm would not go out of ther way to anhilate a race or culture or country but this is what is going on VIA chemtrails and GMO and then having the bureacratic nonsense of regulation and stating nothing can cure and if it does has to be labeled as a drug when clearly there has not been a drug that has ever cured —but they do maime and cause irreparable damage to the body soooo again we need to look here now and extradite these ” alien leaders” off world
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TOP C

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Show of the Week September 9 2011

 

Old-Age Tremors May Be Caused by Brain Lesions

 

Signs of Aging May Be Linked to Undetected Blocked Brain Blood Vessels

 

Mouse Study Could Give New Clues to Fighting Baldness

 

‘Plastic Bottle’ Solution for Arsenic-Contaminated Water Threatening 100 Million People

 

Cysteine Remedy For Arsenic

 

Strokes Rising Among Teens, Young Adults- CDC

 

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Old-Age Tremors May Be Caused by Brain Lesions

 

But current technology does not pick up microscopic abnormalities, researcher says— THURSDAY, Sept. 1 (HealthDay News) — Microscopic brain lesions that are too small to be detected using brain imaging technology may be the cause of many common age-related problems such as shaking hands, stooped posture and difficulty walking, a new study says.–Researchers examined brain autopsies of 418 nuns and priests, average age 88 at death, who had been followed since 1994 as part of an aging study. There were blockages in tiny blood vessels in the brains of 30 percent of those who had no diagnosed stroke or brain disease. (The study participants had agreed to donate their brains for examination upon their deaths.)–Multiple brain lesions were found in the brains of those who had the most trouble walking prior to their death. Two-thirds of the brains had at least one blood vessel abnormality, which suggests a possible link between blocked blood vessels and common signs of aging, the Rush University Medical Center researchers said.—The study appears in the journal Stroke.—“This is very surprising,” lead author Dr. Aron S. Buchman, an associate professor of neurological sciences, said in a Rush news release. “The public health implications are significant because we are not identifying the 30 percent who have undiagnosed small vessel disease that is not picked up by current technology. We need additional tools in order to identify this population.”—The researchers noted that Parkinson’s disease occurs in only 5 percent of older people, but at least half of people 85 and older have mild symptoms associated with the disease.—“Often the mild motor symptoms are considered an expected part of aging,” Buchman said. “We should not accept this as normal aging. We should try to fix it and understand it. If there is an underlying cause, we can intervene and perhaps lessen the impact.”–SOURCE: Rush University Medical Center, news release, Sept. 1, 2011

 

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Signs of Aging May Be Linked to Undetected Blocked Brain Blood Vessels

 

ScienceDaily (Sep. 1, 2011) — Many common signs of aging, such as shaking hands, stooped posture and walking slower, may be due to tiny blocked vessels in the brain that can’t be detected by current technology. In a study reported in Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association, researchers examined brain autopsies of older people and found: Microscopic lesions or infarcts — too small to be detected using brain imaging — were in 30 percent of the brains of people who had no diagnosed brain disease or stroke.—Those who had the most trouble walking had multiple brain lesions.–Two-thirds of the people had at least one blood vessel abnormality, suggesting a possible link between the blocked vessels and the familiar signs of aging.—“This is very surprising,” said Aron S. Buchman, M.D., lead author of the study and associate professor of neurological sciences at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago. “There is a very big public health consequence because we’re not capturing this 30 percent who have undiagnosed small vessel disease that is not picked up by current technology. How would you even get them on your radar? We need additional tools in our toolkit.”—In 1994, the researchers began conducting annual exams of 1,100 older nuns and priests for signs of aging. The participants also donated their brains for examination after death. This study provides results on the first 418 brain autopsies (61 percent women, average 88 years old at death).–Although Parkinson’s disease occurs in only 5 percent of older people, at least half of people 85 and older have mild symptoms associated with the disease.—Before the study, researchers believed that something more common, such as microscopic blocked vessels, might be causing the physical decline. The study’s autopsies found the small lesions could only be seen under a microscope after participants died.—The lesions couldn’t be detected by current scans.—During the annual exams of the nuns and priests, researchers used the motor skills portion of a Parkinson’s disease survey to assess their physical abilities. Researchers observed and rated the participants’:

Balance

Ability to maintain posture

Walking speed

Ability to get in and out of chairs

Ability to make turns when walking

Sense of dizziness

 

“Often the mild motor symptoms are considered an expected part of aging,” said Buchman, who is also a member of the Rush Alzheimer’s Disease Center. “We shouldn’t accept this as normal aging. We should try to fix it and understand it.—If there is an underlying cause, we can intervene and perhaps lessen the impact.”—Co-authors are Sue E. Leurgans, Ph.D.; Sukriti Nag, M.D., Ph.D.; David A. Bennett, M.D. and Julie A. Schneider, M.D., M.S. Author disclosures are on the manuscript.—The National Institutes of Health and the Illinois Department of Public Health funded the study.

Story Source-The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by American Heart Association, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.–Journal Reference:

Aron S. Buchman, Sue E. Leurgans, Sukriti Nag, David A. Bennett, Julie A. Schneider. Cerebrovascular Disease Pathology and Parkinsonian Signs in Old Age. Stroke, 2011; DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.111.623462

 

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Mouse Study Could Give New Clues to Fighting Baldness

 

Stem cells within skin’s fatty layer seem to help trigger hair growth

 

THURSDAY, Sept.1 (HealthDay News) — Molecular signals from stem cells within the skin’s fatty layer trigger hair growth in mice, a finding that may lead to new treatments for baldness in people, researchers report.–

“If we can get these fat cells in the skin to talk to the dormant stem cells at the base of the hair follicles, we might be able to get hair to grow again,” senior study author Valerie Horsley, an assistant professor of molecular, cellular and developmental biology at Yale University, said in a university news release.

Details of the discovery appear in the Sept. 2 issue of the journal Cell.–

Stem cells are still present in the hair follicle roots of men with male pattern baldness, but the cells lose the ability to spur hair growth. It’s been known that these follicle stem cells require signals from within the skin to grow hair, but until now, the source of those signals was unknown.–When hair dies, there’s shrinkage of the layer of fat in the scalp that comprises most of the skin’s thickness. When hair growth begins, the fat layer expands, the Yale team explained.—They found that hair regeneration in mice requires a type of stem cell (adipose precursor cells) involved in the creation of new skin fat cells. They also found that these cells produce molecules (platelet-derived growth factors) that are necessary to produce hair growth.—Scientists are trying to determine whether the signals that promote hair growth in mice are the same needed to produce hair growth in humans.–The work was funded by the National Institutes of Health and the Connecticut Stem Cell Research Program.—SOURCE: Yale University, news release, Sept. 1, 2011

 

CStem cells can be gotten from bone marrow—and the easiest way to achieve this is by utilizing bones or whole meats with bones in a vinegar water and salt solution broiling them in a bout 6 hours to allow for penetration of the bone so that not only are they consumable but digestible as well and can have a re-engineering effect in restoring the body— as well as utilizing gelatin and other parts of animals or plants—there is research validating spirulina as a key contributor in stem cell production—so this being added to ones diet may actually assist in the regeneration processs

 

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‘Plastic Bottle’ Solution for Arsenic-Contaminated Water Threatening 100 Million People

 

With almost 100 million people in developing countries exposed to dangerously high levels of arsenic in their drinking water, and unable to afford complex purification technology, scientists have now described a simple, inexpensive method for removing arsenic based on chopped up pieces of ordinary plastic beverage bottles coated with a nutrient found in many foods and dietary supplements–ScienceDaily (Sep. 1, 2011) — With almost 100 million people in developing countries exposed to dangerously high levels of arsenic in their drinking water, and unable to afford complex purification technology, scientists have now described a simple, inexpensive method for removing arsenic based on chopped up pieces of ordinary plastic beverage bottles coated with a nutrient found in many foods and dietary supplements.—The report was part of the 242nd National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS), a major scientific meeting with 7,500 technical papers, being held in Denver Colorado the week of August 29.—“Dealing with arsenic contamination of drinking water in the developing world requires simple technology based on locally available materials,” said study leader Tsanangurayi Tongesayi, Ph.D., professor of analytical and environmental chemistry at Monmouth University, West Long Branch, N.J. “Our process uses pieces of plastic water, soda pop and other beverage bottles. Coat the pieces with cysteine — that’s an amino acid found in dietary supplements and foods — and stir the plastic in arsenic-contaminated water. This works like a magnet. The cysteine binds up the arsenic. Remove the plastic and you have drinkable water.”

Tongesayi described laboratory tests of the plastic bottle arsenic removal method on water containing 20 parts per billion (ppb) of arsenic, which is two times the safe standard set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for drinking water. It produced drinkable water with 0.2 ppb of arsenic that more than meets the federal standard.–The technology is so straight-forward that people without technical skills can use it, Tongesayi said, citing that as one of its advantages over some of the existing arsenic-removal technologies. It can use discarded plastic bottles available locally, and the application of cysteine does not require complicated technology. Tongesayi is seeking funding or a commercial partner, which he said is the key to moving the arsenic-removing process into use in a relatively short time. The technology also has the potential for removing other potentially toxic heavy metals from drinking water.—-Odorless, tasteless and colorless, arsenic enters drinking water supplies from natural deposits in soil and rock that occur in some parts of the world, including parts of the United States, and from agricultural and industrial sources. Symptoms of arsenic poisoning include thickening and discoloration of the skin; stomach pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea; vision loss; and numbness in hands and feet. Arsenic also has been linked to cancer of the bladder, lungs, skin, kidney, nasal passages, liver and prostate.-Story Source-The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by American Chemical Society.

 

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