Xenoestrogens How to avoid Xenoestrogens

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    Xenoestrogens

    How to avoid Xenoestrogens

    Xenoestrogens are found in everyday synthetic materials. These materials were previously thought to be inert. Cut out the xenoestrogens from your life.

    by Elizabeth Smith, M.D.

    Xeno literally means foreign. So xenoestrogens means foreign estrogens. Some of the 100,000 registered chemicals for use in the world have hormonal effects in addition to toxic and carcinogenic effects. Also the synergistic effects are known to occur but also are largely exactly unknown. The field of xenohormones is new, and only been in existence since about 1991.

    Critics have proclaimed that these chemicals are for the most part “weak”. The body’s hormones are at levels of parts per trillion. However, many of the chemicals that affect the hormone systems are routinely found in the serum after sauna at parts per billion. In other words, these chemicals that affect the hormone systems of the human body occur at 100 to 1000 times greater concentration than that of the normal human hormones. One researcher demonstrated that two “weak” estrogens may act synergistically to give a strong estrogen response. Some of these Xenoestrogens like DDE (a metabolite of DDT) may persist in the body fat for decades. Many of these mimicking hormones were previously thought to occur in pesticides. However, many of the newly discovered xenoestrogens are found in every day previously thought to be inert materials.

    Some of the following is information taken from Our Stolen Future by Theo Colborn:

    DDT

    A study published in the Proceedings of the Society of Experimental Biology and Medicine in 1950 by two Syracuse University Zoologists Lindeman and Burlington described how doses of DDT prevented young roosters from developing normally. They injected DDT into roosters by injecting the pesticide into forty young roosters for a period of 2 to 3 months. The daily doses of DDT did not kill the roosters or even made them sick. It made them look weird; they looked like hens. The birds testicles were only 18% of normal size. Their combs and wattles remained stunted and pale. The roosters were chemically castrated. Micheal Fry, a wild life toxicologist, at the University of California at Davis injected eggs from western and California gull colonies with DDT and a breakdown product of DDT, DDE, and methoxychlor (another synthetic pesticide known to bind to estrogen receptors). He found the feminization of the male’s reproductive tracts. Typical female cells were found in the testicles, and in cases of higher doses, the presence of an oviduct, the egg-laying canal normally found only in females. Despite all this internal disruption, the chick looked completely normal.

    “The roosters were chemically castrated by DDT.”

    DDT was found to bind to the estrogen receptor sites. It is now considered one of the classic xenoestrogens.

    DDT was banned in the United States. However, world wide production of DDT has never been higher. In fact, DDT is manufactured in the United States and shipped to third world countries. DDT is metabolized to DDE in the human body within a few months. DDE then may last in the human body for several decades. However, some medical doctors occasionally find DDT in the serum routinely following intensive sauna. So where is this new exposure to DDT coming from? The United States ships DDT to third world countries that spray it on vegetables and fruits. This agricultural produce is shipped to United States supermarkets where Americans consume it. In 1991, the United States exported 96 tons of DDT.

    Another source may come from your living area. If your house is near or built upon old agricultural land, DDT will persist in the soil for several centuries.

    Plastics, Spermicide, Detergent, and Personal Care Products

    At Tufts Medical School in Boston in 1987, Soto and Sonnenschein serendipitously discovered that plastic test tubes thought to be inert contained a chemical that stimulated breast cancer cells to grow and proliferate wildly. They were experimenting with malignant breast cancer cells that were sensitive to estrogen. When exposed to estrogen the cells would grow and multiply, and when isolated from estrogen, the cells would stop multiplying. During the course of their experiments, they found that the test tube manufacturer changed the formulation of the plastic test tubes that they were using. The manufacturer had used p-nonylphenol one of the family of synthetic chemicals called alkylphenols to make these plastics more stable and less breakable. Manufacturers routinely add nonlyphenols to polystyrene and polyvinyl chloride (PVC). These new plastic test tubes caused their estrogen sensitive breast cancer cells to proliferate, multiply and grow. Thus, they concluded that p-nonylphenol acted like an estrogen.

    These new plastic test tubes caused their estrogen sensitive breast cancer cells to proliferate, multiply and grow”

     

    One study showed that the food processing industry and packaging industry used PVC’s that contained nonlyphenols. Another reported contamination of water that had passed through PVC tubing. Even a compound found in contraceptive creams nonoxynol-9 breaks down inside the animal’s body to produce nonylphenol. Breakdown of chemicals such as those found in industrial detergents, pesticides, and personal care products give rise to nonylphenol. Global production of alkylphenols polyethoxylate was 600 million pounds in 1990. Although the products purchased by the consumer are not themselves estrogenic; studies have found that bacteria in the animal’s bodies, in the environment, or in sewage treatment plants degrade these alkylphenol polyethoxylates, creating nonylphenol and other xenoestrogens.

    Plastic Drinking Bottles and Plastics used with food

    In 1993, at Stanford University School of Medicine, Dave Feldman, professor of medicine was experimenting with a yeast estrogen protein that binds to estrogen. They found that the polycarbonate bottles used to hold drinking water contained bisphenol-A. They used the polycarbonate lab flasks to sterilize the water used in their experiments. Bisphenol-A nicely bound to the estrogen protein found in the yeast. This polycarbonate plastic is routinely used for the giant jugs used in shipping water. The manufacturer was aware that the bottles would leach particularly if exposed to high temperatures and caustic cleaners and so developed a washing regimen that they thought would solve the problem. However, the researchers discovered that the manufacturer could not detect samples sent from their lab, samples that were causing proliferation of estrogen responsive breast cancer cells. This proved to be a detection limit in the manufacturer’s lab equipment. The Stanford team found that 2-5 parts per billion of bisphenol-A was enough to cause the breast cancer cells to proliferate. Professor Feldman noted that though bisphenol-A is 2000X less potent than estrogen, “it still has activity in the parts per billion range.”

    One Dartmouth University Study showed that plastic wrap heated in a microwave oven with vegetable oil had 500,000 times the minimum amount of xenoestrogens needed to stimulate breast cancer cells to grow in the test tube.

    Detergent Breakdown Products

    John Sumpter a biologist from Brunel University in Uxbridge began to study sexually confused fish reported from anglers fishing in English rivers. Many fish caught in the lagoons and pools just below the discharge from sewage plants looked quite bizarre. Even experienced fisherman could not tell if a fish was male or female. The fish showed male and female characteristics at the same time. They were perfect examples of intersex where an individual is stranded between both sexes. Sumpter used a marker that helped identify female fish. Normally in females a special egg protein is made called vitellogenin, in response to estrogen from the ovaries. On the estrogen signal from the ovaries, the liver produces vitellogenin and the protein is incorporated into the eggs. Since the response is dependent on estrogen, vitellogenin levels found in male fish would be a good indication of estrogen exposure. Caged fish raised in captivity and then kept in the contaminated pools made 1000X to 100,000X more vitellogenin than control trout kept in clean water. 15 sites were sampled with soaring vitellogenin levels. It was a national problem. Alkylphenol levels from detergent breakdown products are high on the suspect list. However, Sumpter suspects that it is the synergistic qualities of several xenoestrogens acting together.

    Canned Foods

    Two Spanish Scientists at the University of Granada decided to investigate the plastic coatings that manufacturers use to line the metal cans. The coating is added to avoid the metallic taste of metal in the food from the cans. These linings are present in about 85% of the cans. Fatima Olea and Nicolas Olea, an M.D., specializing in endocrine cancers worked with Soto and Sonnenschein. In a study analyzing twenty brands of canned foods purchased in the United States and in Spain, they discovered bisphenol-A, the same chemical that the Stanford researchers discovered, in about half of the canned food up to levels of 80 parts per billion. This is 27 times greater concentration of bisphenol-A needed to cause the breast cancer cells to proliferate in the Stanford Study.

    Commercially raised Beef, Chicken and Pork

    Commercially raised livestock are routinely given xenoestrogens to fatten them up, grow quickly, and cause them to retain water. This results in greater profits for the farmer. It is an effective, cheap, quick way to fatten them up. In the 1970’s and 1980’s there was an epidemic in Puerto Rico of early puberty in girls as young as a year old and even young boys who developed breasts caused by meat and dairy products containing high levels of estrogen. In the United States, the use of estrogen compounds is now slightly better regulated, but it is still very much used and abused.

    “Young boys developed breasts.”

    John Lee, M.D.

     

    DES (diethylstilbestrol), a type of synthetic estrogen, was the first hormone to be used by the meat industry to fatten up livestock until it was discovered that it causes cancer even in extremely minute amounts.

    Birth Control Pills

    Birth Control Pills contain a synthetic estrogen and a synthetic progestin to force the body to cycle in a normal manner even though conception may have occurred and different hormones levels are supposed to occur. Is it really nice to fool mother nature? Many times what we see clinically is that it takes one year or more for a woman’s period to become normal after stopping birth control pills. This is because the synthetic estrogens and progestins in the birth control pills are oil soluble and difficult for the body to get rid of.

    Why not use a simpler method of birth control such as condoms? Use one that does not use a spermicide such as nonoxynol-9. Researchers found that once nonoxynol-9 gets into a rats body it breaks down into nonylphenol – a known xenoestrogen.

    Preservative Methyl Paraben in Skin Lotions and Gels

    For many years, parabens were considered among those preservatives with low systemic toxicity, primarily causing allergic reactions. However, as we have become aware that some synthetic chemicals mimic the female hormone estrogen, our understanding of the toxic effects of both synthetic and natural substances has changed. Now, John Sumpter from the Department of Biology & Biochemistry, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, have found that alkyl hydroxy benzoate preservatives (namely methyl-, ethyl-, propyl-, and butylparaben) are weakly estrogenic. In an estrogen receptor-binding assay, butylparaben was able to compete with the female hormone estradiol for binding to estrogen receptors with an affinity approximately 5 orders of magnitude lower than that of diethylstilbestrol (a highly carcinogenic synthetic estrogen), and between 1 and 2 orders of magnitude less than nonylphenol (an estrogenic synthetic industrial chemical).

    Although it is reassuring to note that when administered orally, the parabens were inactive, subcutaneous administration of butylparaben produced a positive estrogenic response on uterine tissues. Although approximately 100,000 times less potent than17 beta-estradiol, greater exposure to the parabens may compensate for their lower potency. The researchers conclude that, “Given their use in a wide range of commercially available topical preparations, it is suggested that the safety in use of these chemicals should be reassessed . . .”

    The European Union has asked the European Cosmetics and Toiletry industry about these new findings and the implication for breast cancer. These preservatives are found in the vast majority of skin an body lotions, even in natural progesterone creams. Generally, for the sterol hormones, taken orally the hormones are 90% first pass metabolized by the liver. Thus, taken orally only 10% reaches the body. In contrast, anything absorbed by the skin is directly absorbed. In other words, anything absorbed through the skin may be as high as 10 times the concentration of an oral dose.

    Unfortunately, some natural progesterone creams were found to contain methyl and propyl parabens as a preservative.

    Unfortunately, some natural progesterone creams were found to contain methyl and propyl parabens as a preservative.

    Shampoos that Purposely Contain Very High Amounts of Estrogen

    African Americans favored shampoos with clinically active high doses of estrogen. They also used them on their children. In 1998 Tiwary, now retired, published a study of four girls – including a 14-month-old – who developed breasts or pubic hair months after beginning to use such products. The symptoms started to disappear when they stopped using them. The year before, he published a study showing that some of the products used by his patients contained up to one milligram (1 mg) of estradiol per one ounce of shampoo. By comparison a normal adult topical skin dose for estradiol is 0.02-0.05 mg/day. This means that one ounce of shampoo contains 50 times the daily ADULT dose of estradiol. A small handful of this shampoo on your child every day may give her OR HIM breasts!

    Herbicide

    Tyrone B. Hayes of the University of California at Berkeley found that atrazine, the most commonly used weed killer in North America, affected frogs at doses as small as 0.1 part per billion. As the amount of atrazine increased, as many as 20 percent of frogs exposed during their early development produced multiple sex organs or had both male and female organs. Many had small, feminized larynxes. See Plastic IV Bags

    The United States FDA warns that prolonged fluid exposure in IV bags may affect testicle development in young boys. The chemical, called DEHP, can leach from the plastic into certain liquids, especially fat-containing ones like blood. Studies of young animals show the chemical can affect testicle development and production of normal sperm. Some companies already label that their products contain phthalates (DHEP), and the FDA soon will issue a recommendation — not a requirement — that more companies do so.”FDA’s public health notification falls far short of what is needed to protect patients,” said Charlotte Brody of Health Care Without Harm, a group working to reduce the amount of phthalates — the family of chemicals that includes DEHP — in a variety of products, from plastic toys to cosmetics.

    5 Out of 6 Chemicals Used to block UV in Sunscreen are Estrogenic

    Margaret Schlumpf and her colleagues (Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Zurich, Switzerland) have found that many widely-used sunscreen chemicals mimic the effects of estrogen and trigger developmental abnormalities in rats. (Schlumpf , Margaret; Beata Cotton, Marianne Conscience, Vreni Haller, Beate Steinmann, Walter Lichtensteiger. In vitro and in vivo estrogenicity of UV screens. Environmental Health Perspectives Vol. 109 (March 2001) pp 239-244) Her group tested six common chemicals that are used in sunscreens, lipsticks and facial cosmetics. Five of the six tested chemicals (benzophenone-3, homosalate, 4-methyl-benzylidene camphor (4-MBC), octyl-methoxycinnamate and octyl-dimethyl-PABA) behaved like strong estrogen in lab tests and caused cancer cells to grow more rapidly. Only one chemical – a UVA protector called butyl-methoxydibenzoylmethane (B-MDM) – showed no activity. Uterine growth and endometriosis :One very common sunscreen chemical, 4-MBC, was mixed with olive oil and applied to rat skin. This caused a doubling of the rate of uterine growth well before puberty. “That was scary, because we used concentrations that are in the range allowed in sunscreens,” said Schlumpf. Three of the six caused developmental abnormalities in animals. The major cause of sterility in women in the USA is endometriosis, a condition afflicting 5.5% of American women. Exposure to excessive estrogen, that may have come from such sunscreens, is felt to be the primary cause of endometriosis. Perhaps a sunscreen using zinc oxide is a better choice.

    Common Chemical in Personal Care Products, Fragrances, Paints, Plastics and Cosmetics May cause Testicular Defects in Boys

    For the first time, scientists have shown that pregnant mothers exposed to high but common levels of a widely used ingredient in cosmetics, fragrances, plastics and paints can have baby boys with smaller genitals and incomplete testicular descent. Previous work had shown that prenatal phthalate exposure in rodents can critically affect male hormones, resulting in impaired testicular descent and smaller genital size. The Swan study is the first to look at effects in humans.While none of the boys showed clear malformation or disease, in the 25% of mothers with the highest levels of phthalate exposure, the odds were 10 times higher that their sons would have a shorter than expected distance between the anus and the base of the penis. This so-called AGD measurement is a sensitive indicator of impacts on their reproductive system.

    Summary

    From a strictly research point of view there may not be enough evidence to create public outrage and shift public opinion. It is a known medical fact that estrogen stimulates breast cancer. However, it is disconcerting to note that the breast cancer rate is now 1 out of 8 women where before breast cancer in the 1950’s was 1 out of 20. Dr. Lee believes that overdose of estrogen leads to PMS. The hallmark of PMS is a few pounds of weight gain just before your period. So what do we do?

    Use glass or ceramics whenever possible to store food and water. Heat up your food using a glass or ceramic bowl covered with dish. When plastic is heated, it diffuses very rapidly into food. The Dartmouth University study showed that plastic wrap heated in a microwave in vegetable oil had 500,000 times the minimum amount of xenoestrogens needed to stimulate breast cancer cells in a test tube to grow.
    Use a simple detergent with less chemicals; Nature Clean is a good choice for both laundry detergent and dish washing detergent.
    Simple Soap is a safe choice for shampoo and a body soap.
    Use natural pest control not pesticides.
    Avoid Synthetic Chemicals – Healthy Living in a Toxic World by Cynthia Fincher PhD. from (see books) is a good place to start.
    Don’t use herbicides; use a cup of salt in a gallon of vinegar.
    Buy hormone free meats to eat.
    Buy “Organic” produce, produce grown without pesticides, herbicides or synthetic fertilizer or hormones.
    In general, the hormones taken orally are first pass metabolized by the liver 80%-90%. However, when these hormones are applied to the skin, the hormones are directly absorbed by the body. Thus, any skin dose is 10 times that of an oral dose. The vast majority of skin lotions and creams use the parabens as a preservative. Avoid them at all costs. Instead apply a vegetable oil right after a shower to hydrate the skin and lock in the moisture.
    The very important changes to make are do NOT eat food with HOT plastic. Change your laundry detergent, no fabric softener, no dryer sheets, change your lotions, soaps, shampoos, and makeup to avoid parabens. Avoid coffee.

     

    Pesticides

    The following compounds can enter your body by ingesting foods that were sprayed with them or somehow came into contact with them. They can also be inhaled, or they can even find their way into water. And, it’s actually been found that floors of households that have cats or dogs are veritable hotbeds of pesticides as the little furry beasties track the stuff in on their paws.

    DDT — While this chemical has been banned for a while in the US, its ability to be stored in body fat has caused some concerns as even small amounts can still have detrimental effects. So what can this compound do? Well, a metabolite of DDT can inhibit androgens from binding to the androgen receptor, thus preventing androgen-induced transcription. (Again, the chemical can take Testosterone’s, or any steroid’s, parking spot.) This could mean a decreased effectiveness with any androgen that exerts its effects via the AR.

    Procymidone — Another common pesticide that’s also able to prevent androgens from binding to the AR.

    Vinclozolin — same as above

    Dimethoate — This insecticide has been shown to lower T4 and negatively affect thyroid metabolism in general. It can also cause sperm and testicular damage. It also lower Testosterone levels.

    Trichlorfon — This is yet another organophosphate insecticide like Dimethoate. It has been shown to damage immune system function in men.

    Metiram — This pesticide can reduce thyroid hormone levels.

     

    Alkylphenolics

    These compounds can be found in detergents, surfactants, paints, shampoos, spermicidal lubricants (nonoxynol-9), cosmetics, drinking water, and can enter the body via inhalation and even ingestion from pesticide sprays.These compounds were shown to be estrogenic long ago. They’ve also been shown to cause growth of cultured breast cells taken from humans.

    Phthalates

    These compounds can be found in many things, but are mostly associated with plastics. Common culprits include plastic food wrap, ink on plastic, vinyl floors, emulsion paint, cheese, milk, eggs, meat, water, baby teethers. Not that any of us use them. If this class of chemicals wasn’t bad enough on its own, they’re also lipophilic, which makes them great candidates to be stored in fatty foods as well as in your own body fat. They’ve been shown to activate protein transcription after first binding to the estrogen receptors in breast tissue. That means they’re great for growing breasts, regardless of whether you’re a man or a woman. They also posses potent anti-androgenic activity and are toxic to testicular cells.

    Bisphenol A

    This compound can be found in cans used for foods and infant formulas, plastic storage containers, and even baby bottles. Actually, it can be found in most plastic bottles and even dental sealant. As far as negative effects go, it’s been shown to cause the growth of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, and that means it’s estrogenic. It’s also demonstrated potent anti-androgenic activity similar to that of phthalates.

    Brominated Flame Retardants

    These chemicals can be found in many household appliances such as televisions, computers, and other electrical devices that are prone to causing fires. While they might have a hard time getting into your system, it still makes you wonder. As far as effects go, they can negatively affect thyroid hormones and can even impair memory and learning. They’ve also been shown to cause growth of cancerous breast cells.

    PCBs

    Polychlorinated biphenyls, or PCBs, can be found in fire retardants, adhesives, waxes, and as heat transfer fluids in large transformers and in capacitors. They remain in our environment a long time because they’re very resistant to breakdown and are very soluble in fat. That means our fat, too. These substances have been shown to be very effective at mimicking estrogen. Not only that, but they’ve even been tied to reduced IQ and development in children.

    Parabens

    These chemicals are used in perfumes, toothpaste, and certain cosmetics. They even seem to exist in air fresheners. Like the others, they’re estrogenic.(37)

    If all this wasn’t bad enough, all of these xenoestrogens can activate the ER alpha, and that could cause breast tissue growth, in addition to cancer.(38-46)

    Estrogen Cocktails

    We’ve talked about how estrogen-like compounds can find there way into our bodies via inhalation, ingestion, absorption, etc. However, is it possible that actual estrogens like estradiol could find their way into our food or drinks? The answer appears to be yes.

    Numerous studies have found estrogen and progesterone to be present in dairy products, including milk. Even though most of the estrogens were bound, there’s still enough free hormone present that could possibly have some adverse effects on the body. However, you’d probably have to drink at least a few gallons of milk before you’d have to worry about it. So unless you’re a milk freak, I doubt there’s any real worry. Also, it appears that the higher the fat content, the higher the hormone concentration. So, it might be a good idea to stay away from hormone induced whole milk and full-fat cheese.( milk that is raw or unpasteurised and have not been giving hormones is a healthy alternative)

    WATER, It turns out that conjugated estrogens excreted by women in their urine are “reactivated” by bacteria in sewage. Both natural and synthetic forms of estrogen and progesterone have been found in drinking water.

    Protect Yourself

    The last thing to discuss, of course, is how to minimize or eliminate exposure and if exposure is impossible to avoid, a way to reduce the negative effects.

    As far as the drinking water goes, there are a few options. It seems that regardless of which type of water you drink, you’re going to get some type of estrogen or estrogen mimicking compound in it. For instance, reverse osmosis will remove cadmium (also a xenoestrogen). Conventional water treatment, however, did not remove estrogens found in drinking water. But, chlorine and ozone treatment did mitigate the problem. For the most part however, conventional treatment will not remove most of these chemicals. So, water treated through reverse osmosis or via ozonation or activated carbon, which is probably the best treatment, may be better in most cases.

    Some bottled waters might be better, but unfortunately, they come in plastic bottles, many of which contain Bisphenol A. CONTACT THE MANUFACTURES AND SEE IF GLASS CAN BE USED IN THERE PRODUCTS

    Here are some tips on how to avoid exposure to the compounds mentioned earlier:

    • Use water-based paints to avoid alkylphenolics

    • Make sure that the teething toys you have are PVC-free. Otherwise, they could contain phthalates.

    • If you’re really concerned with certain fruits or vegetables being contaminated with pesticides, opt for organic food instead ( THEY HAVE CONSIDERABLY LESS THEN THE STORE BOUGHT STUFF, USUALLY ABOUT 30-50%LESS). Other than that, washing the fruit or vegetable thoroughly can help too. Still it doesn’t guarantee complete elimination.

    • Plastic utensils, baby bottles and even things like beakers that are scratched can leak chemicals like Bisphenol A. Replace those that are damaged with new products. USE GLASS WHEN FEEDING OFFSPRING

    • Perfumes and air fresheners, along with other scented products may contain parabens. Fortunately, perfumes should list their ingredients, so you can check for parabens and choose a product that doesn’t contain them.

    • One last thing that may work would be to use some type of anti-estrogenic compound like clomiphene or tamoxifen.

    Something along the lines of 25 mg of clomiphene every day to every other day might well do the job. In other words, it wouldn’t require a very large dose. Besides, clomiphene would help to combat not only the risk of breast tissue growth and cancer, but it can help prevent the xenoestrogen-caused reduction in Testosterone.

     

     

    1. Avoid using plastic with food and water whenever possible. Especially avoid heating food or water in plastic. When food and or water is heated with plastic, the diffusion of plastic into the food and water is much worse. Heat up food in the microwave using ceramic plates and bowls.

    2.Do not use pesticides or herbicides on the lawn or in your house. Eat Organic food. Organic food is grown without pesticides, herbicides and synthetic fertilizer. Minimize canned food. ( read labels to valid this just because it says organic does not mean it is free of all the xenoestrogen causing elements)(Organic in some countries where we get our foods can mean nothing more then carbon based, and as a result they can spray chemicals or other substances that can still cause a imbalance in you hormonally,OR EVEN CANCER, OR OTHER HEALTH ISSUES. IF YOU ARE NOT CERTAIN THEN PEEL ALL YOUR FRUITS AND VEGES, OR DON’T EVEN PURCHASE THESE PRODUCTS UNLESS THEY ARE SPECIFIED DIRECTLY NO PESTICIDES, HERBICIDES OR SYNTHETIC CHEMICALS OR FERTILIZERS OF ANY KIND)

    3. Change your laundry detergent to powdered detergent from the health food store without additives. Use Simple Soap as a shampoo and bath soap. Use dish washing liquid from the health food store. OR USE A SIMPLE CASTILLE…OR A VINEGAR BAKING SODA MIX

    4. Do not use Birth Control Pills. CONDOMS HAS LATEX WHICH IS A XENOESTROGEN AS WELL AS OTHER TYPES OF BIRTH CONTROL…..IF YOU ARE GOING TO USE A CONDOM THEN USE THE ONES MADE OF SHEEP SKIN Do not use HRT.

    5. Eat meat grown without hormones. Commercial lamb and fish usually are hormone free. ) AGAIN READ READ READ YOUR LABELS!!!!!

    6. In general, the hormones taken orally are first pass metabolized by the liver 80%-90%. However, when these hormones are applied to the skin, the hormones are directly absorbed by the body. Thus, any application via the skin will be 10 times the concentration of an oral dose. The vast majority of skin lotions and creams use the parabens as a preservative. Avoid them at all costs. Instead apply a SEED OIL right after a shower to hydrate the skin and lock in the moisture.

    7. Avoid Coffee, Beer, Sunflower Seeds, Red Clover Tea, Chamomille Tea. Pomegranate, Licorice, Red Clover, Yucca, Hops and Motherwort, Bloodroot, Ocotillo, Mandrake, Oregano, Damiana, Pennyroyal, Verbenna, Nutmeg, Yucca, Thyme, Calamus rt., Goldenseal, Licorice, Mistletoe, Cumin, Fennel, Camomille, Cloves, Queen Anne’s lace (wild carrot), Fennel, Alfalfa Sprouts.

    #211
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    Keymaster

    ANTI ESTROGEN SOLUTIONS

    Anti Estrogenic Antidotes
    Because of the overloading of the endocrine and lymphatic system of estrogen three has been a number of reproductive cancers occurring at a higher then normal rate…..if you look up the stats this didn’t happen til the 60’s when cancers of all types started to become more apparent in the USA and Canada…. What changed? The exposure to pesticides had definitely increased, the exposure to toxic pollutants had definitely increased, the removal of foods from the diet which were maligned to be a problem but in fact were not, and new food and dietary guidelines were introduced that were in fact cancer causing, such as soy and margarine, food additives and chemical preservatives, plastics that contained foods and detergents which are xeno-estrogenic characteristics. This means these are synthetic estrogens that will in fact react the same way as plant estrogens but in a higher concentrated levels that will bind to what are known as receptor sites ….these are areas of the body that are triggered by hormones and enzymes which cause a chemical reaction or trigger a signal in the body to perform whatever function that is required. These estrogens coming from with out, are extremely dangerous because of the way they accumulate in the body, and the reaction they cause in the body. In the case of estrogen it will lead to cancer, there are over 50 years of research an data to validate this, and to this day the end result has been the same since we have introduced highly estrogenic foods into the diet, males are becoming more mentally and physically dysfunctional, and women are breaking down more rapidly then there predecessors did. By being exposed to dish soap, latex, fuel oils, carpeting, clothing , fabric softeners, clothing made with synthethics, exhaust fumes from all petro products, including the Idea of biodiesel or bio fuels, this to will exacerbrate a bad condition already existing, and will compound the effect that much more…

     

    So how do we heal this condition? How do we reverse the effect? Can we reverse the effect ?…there are herbs, supplements, and vitamins that actually regulate estrogen and remove the excess out of the body, via liver. And through other means of expulsion from the body. There are foods we can eat as well as foods to avoid that will assist us in the regulating of the overloading of the hormones in our system. I will give a list of foods herbs and supplements that will assist in this endeavor to keep us hormonally balanced :….Some of these will be used as a tea, others will be consumed and others used as a supplement….and in some cases used together to remove whatever is afflicting us hormonally….

     

    Vitamins:

    Zinc

    Iodine

    Selenium

    Magnesium

    Sulfur

     

     

     

    Herbs that can assist in the removal of estrogen from the body

    Watercress

    Turmeric

    Garlic

    Onion

    Shallots

    Parsely

    Mint

    Celery Root

    Rosemary

    Siberian Ginseng

    Gota Kola

    Thyme

    Milk Thistle

    Dandelion

    Lady’s Thistle

    Summer and Winter Savoury

    Ginger and Galangal

    Balm of Gilead ( balsam poplar )

    Perilla

    Olive Leaf

    Oregano

     

    Supplements that will remove estrogen or block it’s effect

    NAC

    L Cysteine

    Methionine

    Taurine

     

     

    Foods that can remove or block estrogen:

    Nuts

    Seeds

    Omega 9 oils

    Avocado

    Rice Bran Oil

    Wheat Germ Oil

    Papaya

    Pineapple

    Berries

    Citrus fruits ( Bioflavonoids )

    Oats and Barley ( Whole )

    Broccoli and Broccoli Sprouts

    Onion Sprouts

    Cabbage

    Cauliflower

    Kohl Rabi

    Kale

    Parsley

    Celery Root

    Grass fed Animals ( grain fed will encourage hormone imbalancing due to the excess of omega 6 in the fat rather then 3 ( grass fed cows have 15 times more omega 3 then fish )

    Ocean caught fish ( make sure you increase garlic or sulfur based supplement with Vitamin C to offset any potential mercury or lead poisoning of the fish.

    Ground flax seed ( due to the fibre content of the lignans which will bind to the estrogens ) Make sure you grind it fresh not store bought

     

    Herbal Teas

    Any tea that will support the liver and the endocrine system should be used to assist in the removal of any unwanted toxin or increase the antioxidant levels so that the body is able to be more efficient in the removing of unwanted pathogens or hormones

    Schizandra berry

    Fo Ti Eng

    Rehmannia Root

    Jiagolan

    Milk thistle

    Nettle

    Dandelion

    Burdock

    Sarsparilla

    Perilla

    Parsley

    White Pine

    Birch

    Siberian ginseng

     

    Make sure all teas are drunk without any processed sugar or artificial sweetners…Use Xylitol from birch trees or Unpasteurized honey

     

    ®®RAW MILK ( not pasteurized ) due to the CLA and Vitamin D content

    ®®Grass fed Cow’s Butter

    ®®Seed and Nut Milk

    ®®Almonds ( due to the phosphorous in it to assist the liver in detoxing the estrogens out)

    ®®Walnuts ( omega 3 which block estrogen conversion of omega 6 )

    ®®Pumpkin Seed ( due to the zinc content in regulating hormones )

    Modulation of aromatase activity by diet polyphenolic compounds.

    J Agric Food Chem. 2006 May 17;54(10):3535-40

    Authors: Monteiro R, Azevedo I, Calhau C

    Estrogens are involved in physiological actions related to reproduction, body fat distribution, and maintenance of bone mass and are also related to the pathogenesis of estrogen-dependent cancers. The aim of this work was to study the effect of polyphenols on estrogen synthesis. The effect of polyphenols and polyphenolic-rich beverages on aromatase activity was tested in JAR cells (a choriocarcinoma cell line) through the tritiated water release assay. Some of the tested polyphenols inhibited estrogen production, chrysin being the most potent. Additionally, we observed that red wine, alcohol-free red wine, green tea, and black tea (200 microL/mL) significantly decreased aromatase activity. No effect on aromatase expression, as assessed by western blotting and RT-PCR, has been detected after 24 h of treatment with any of the flavonoids under study. In conclusion, polyphenols are able to modulate aromatase activity and, consequently, estrogen synthesis. The knowledge of such interference may help to clarify some of the biological properties attributed to polyphenols and may be useful in prevention/treatment of estrogen-dependent disorders.

    PMID: 19127721 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

     

     

     

    Anti Aromatasing Plants and Herbs
    Plant parts with Aromatase-inhibitor Activity
    from the chemical OLEANOLIC-ACID
    Achyranthes aspera BLUME — Chaff Flower; found in Plant

    Achyranthes bidentata BLUME — Chaff Flower; found in Fruit

    Akebia quinata (THUNB.) DECNE — Chocolate Vine; found in Stem

    Allium cepa L. — Onion, Shallot; found in Bulb

    Allium sativum var. sativum L. — Garlic; found in Plant

    Apocynum cannabinum L. — Bitterroot, Spreading Dogbane; found in Root

    Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) SPRENGEL — Bearberry, Uva Ursi; found in Plant

    Calendula officinalis L. — Calendula, Pot-Marigold; found in Flower

    Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. DON — Madagascar Periwinkle, Rosy Periwinkle; found in Plant

    Centaurium erythraea RAFN. — Centaury; found in Plant

    Chenopodium album L. — Lambsquarter; found in Plant

    Citrullus colocynthis — Colocynth; found in Plant

    Cnicus benedictus L. — Blessed Thistle; found in Plant

    Cornus officinalis SIEB. & ZUCC. — Chinese Dogwood; found in Seed

    Cyperus rotundus L. — Nutsedge; found in Tuber

    Daemonorops draco BL. — Dragon’s Blood; found in Fruit

    Elaeagnus pungens THUNB. — Thorny Silver Berry; found in Leaf

    Eleutherococcus senticosus (RUPR. & MAXIM.) MAXIM. — Ci wu jia (Pinyin), Eleuthero Ginseng, Siberian Ginseng, Spiny Ginseng, Wu jia; found in Root

    Eriobotrya japonica (THUNB.) LINDL. — Loquat; found in Leaf

    Forsythia suspensa VAHL — Lian-Jiao, Lien-Chiao; found in Fruit

    Glechoma hederacea L. — Alehoof; found in Plant

    Harpagophytum procumbens (BURCH.) DC. EX MEISN. — Devil’s Claw, Grapple Plant; found in Root

    Hedera helix L. — Ivy; found in Leaf

    Helianthus annuus L. — Girasol, Sunflower; found in Flower

    Humulus lupulus L. — Hops; found in Stem

    Hyssopus officinalis L. — Hyssop; found in Plant

    Lavandula latifolia MEDIK. — Aspic, Broad-Leaved Lavender, Spike Lavender; found in Leaf

    Leonurus cardiaca L. — Motherwort; found in Plant

    Ligustrum japonicum THUNB. — Japanese Privet, Ligustri Fructus; found in Fruit

    Ligustrum lucidum W. T. AITON — Chinese Privet, Glossy Privet, Ligustri Fructus, Privet, White Waxtree; found in Fruit

    Liquidambar orientalis MILLER — Oriental Storax, Oriental Styrax; found in Resin, Exudate, Sap

    Liquidambar styraciflua L. — American Styrax, Sweetgum; found in Resin, Exudate, Sap

    Luffa aegyptiaca MILLER — Luffa, Smooth Loofah, Vegetable Sponge; found in Seed

    Melaleuca leucadendra (L.) L. — Cajeput; found in Plant

    Melissa officinalis L. — Balm, Bee Balm, Lemonbalm, Melissa; found in Shoot

    Mentha spicata L. — Hortela da Folha Miuda, Spearmint; found in Leaf

    Mentha x rotundifolia (L.) HUDSON — Applemint; found in Tissue Culture

    Myristica fragrans HOUTT. — Mace, Muskatnussbaum (Ger.), Nutmeg, nogal moscado (Sp.), nuez moscada (Sp.); found in Seed

    Myroxylon balsamum (L.) HARMS — Peru Balsam, Tolu Balsam; found in Plant

    Nerium oleander L. — Oleander; found in Plant

    Ocimum basilicum L. — Basil, Cuban Basil, Sweet Basil; found in Flower

    Ocimum suave WILLD. — Kenyan Tree Basil; found in Leaf

    Olea europaea subsp. europaea — Olive; found in Petiole

    Origanum majorana L. — Marjoram, Sweet Marjoram; found in Plant

    Origanum vulgare L. — Common Turkish Oregano, European Oregano, Oregano, Pot Marjoram, Wild Marjoram, Wild Oregano; found in Plant

    Panax ginseng C. A. MEYER — Chinese Ginseng, Ginseng, Korean Ginseng, Oriental Ginseng; found in Root

    Panax japonicus C.A.MEYER — Japanese Ginseng; found in Rhizome

    Panax quinquefolius L. — American Ginseng, Ginseng; found in Plant

    Phytolacca americana L. — Pokeweed; found in Root

    Plantago major L. — Common Plantain; found in Leaf

    Plectranthus amboinicus (LOUR.) SPRENGEL — Amboini Coleus, Country Borage, Cuban Oregano, French Thyme, Indian Borage, Mexican Mint, Soup Mint, Spanish Thyme; found in Plant

    Prunella vulgaris L. — Heal-All, Self-Heal; found in Plant

    Prunus cerasus L. — Sour Cherry; found in Fruit

    Psidium guajava L. — Guava; found in Leaf

    Quisqualis indica L. — Rangoon Creeper; found in Fruit

    Rosmarinus officinalis L. — Rosemary; found in Plant, Shoot

    Salvia officinalis L. — Sage; found in Leaf, Stem

    Salvia sclarea L. — Clary Sage; found in Plant

    Salvia triloba L. — Greek Sage; found in Plant

    Sambucus nigra L. — Black Elder, Elder, European Alder, European Elder, European Elderberry; found in Bark, Leaf

    Satureja hortensis L. — Summer Savory; found in Plant

    Satureja montana L. — Savory, Winter Savory; found in Plant

    Syzygium aromaticum (L.) MERR. & L. M. PERRY — Clove, Clovetree; found in Flower

    Thymus serpyllum L. — Creeping Thyme; found in Plant

    Thymus vulgaris L. — Common Thyme, Garden Thyme, Thyme; found in Plant

    Uncaria tomentosa DC — Cat’s Claw, Garabato Amarillo, Una de Gato; found in Plant

    Vaccinium corymbosum L. — Blueberry; found in Plant

    Vaccinium myrtillus L. — Bilberry, Dwarf Bilberry, Whortleberry; found in Leaf

    Viburnum prunifolium L. — Black Haw; found in Bark

    Viscum album L. — European Mistletoe; found in Resin, Exudate, Sap

    Vitis vinifera L. — European Grape, Grape, Grapevine, Parra (Sp.), Vid (Sp.), Vigne Vinifere (Fr.), Weinrebe (Ger.), Wine Grape; found in Leaf Wax

    Zizyphus jujuba MILL. — Da-Zao, Jujube, Ta-Tsao; found in Plant

     

     

     

    Plant parts with Aromatase-inhibitor Activity
    from the chemical PINOSTROBIN
    Pinus strobus L. — Eastern White Pine, White Pine; found in Wood

     

     

    Plant parts with Aromatase-inhibitor Activity
    from the chemical URSOLIC-ACID
    Agrimonia eupatoria L. — Agrimony, Sticklewort; found in Plant

    Arbutus unedo L. — Arbutus, Strawberry Tree; found in Leaf

    Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) SPRENGEL — Bearberry, Uva Ursi; found in Leaf

    Artocarpus heterophyllus LAM. — Jackfruit; found in Root

    Catalpa bignonioides WALT. — Indian bean; found in Leaf

    Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. DON — Madagascar Periwinkle, Rosy Periwinkle; found in Leaf

    Chimaphila umbellata (L.) NUTT. — King’s Cure, Pipsissewa; found in Plant

    Cornus florida L. — American Dogwood; found in Plant

    Cornus officinalis SIEB. & ZUCC. — Chinese Dogwood; found in Fruit, Seed

    Crataegus cuneata SIEB. & ZUCC. — Hawthorn; found in Fruit

    Crataegus laevigata (POIR.) DC — English Hawthorn, Hawthorn, Whitethorn, Woodland Hawthorn; found in Leaf

    Cryptostegia grandifolia R. BR. — Rubber Vine; found in Leaf

    Elaeagnus pungens THUNB. — Thorny Silver Berry; found in Leaf

    Eriobotrya japonica (THUNB.) LINDL. — Loquat; found in Leaf

    Eucalyptus citriodora HOOK. — Citron-Scented Gum, Lemon Eucalyptus, Lemon-Scented Gum, Spotted Gum; found in Plant

    Forsythia suspensa VAHL — Lian-Jiao, Lien-Chiao; found in Fruit

    Gaultheria fragrantissima WALL. — Indian Wintergreen; found in Leaf

    Glechoma hederacea L. — Alehoof; found in Plant

    Helichrysum angustifolium DC. — Everlasting, Immortelle; found in Flower, Stem

    Humulus lupulus L. — Hops; found in Stem

    Hyssopus officinalis L. — Hyssop; found in Plant

    Ilex paraguariensis ST. HIL. — Mate, Paraguay Tea, South American Holly; found in Leaf

    Lavandula angustifolia MILLER — English Lavender; found in Leaf

    Lavandula latifolia MEDIK. — Aspic, Broad-Leaved Lavender, Spike Lavender; found in Leaf

    Leonurus cardiaca L. — Motherwort; found in Plant

    Ligustrum japonicum THUNB. — Japanese Privet, Ligustri Fructus; found in Fruit

    Limonia acidissima L. — Elephant Apple, Manzana De Elefante, Wood-Apple; found in Wood

    Lycopus europeus L. — European Bugle; found in Plant

    Malus domestica BORKH. — Apple; found in Fruit Epidermis

    Marrubium vulgare L. — Horehound, White Horehound; found in Plant

    Melaleuca leucadendra (L.) L. — Cajeput; found in Plant

    Melissa officinalis L. — Balm, Bee Balm, Lemonbalm, Melissa; found in Plant

    Mentha spicata L. — Hortela da Folha Miuda, Spearmint; found in Leaf

    Mentha x rotundifolia (L.) HUDSON — Applemint; found in Tissue Culture

    Monarda didyma L. — Beebalm, Oswego Tea; found in Leaf

    Nerium oleander L. — Oleander; found in Plant

    Ocimum basilicum L. — Basil, Cuban Basil, Sweet Basil; found in Flower, Leaf , Sprout Seedling , Stem

    Ocimum canum SIMS — Hoary Basil; found in Shoot

    Origanum majorana L. — Marjoram, Sweet Marjoram; found in Plant

    Origanum vulgare L. — Common Turkish Oregano, European Oregano, Oregano, Pot Marjoram, Wild Marjoram, Wild Oregano; found in Plant

    Plantago asiatica L. — Asian Plantain; found in Plant

    Plantago major L. — Common Plantain; found in Plant

    Plectranthus amboinicus (LOUR.) SPRENGEL — Amboini Coleus, Country Borage, Cuban Oregano, French Thyme, Indian Borage, Mexican Mint, Soup Mint, Spanish Thyme; found in Plant

    Prunella vulgaris L. — Heal-All, Self-Heal; found in Plant

    Prunus cerasus L. — Sour Cherry; found in Fruit

    Prunus laurocerasus L. — Cherry Laurel; found in Leaf

    Prunus persica (L.) BATSCH — Peach; found in Leaf

    Prunus serotina subsp. serotina — Black Cherry, Wild Cherry; found in Leaf

    Psidium guajava L. — Guava; found in Leaf

    Punica granatum L. — Granado (Sp.), Granatapfelbaum (Ger.), Granatapfelstrauch (Ger.), Grenadier (Fr.), Mangrano (Sp.), Pomegranate, Romanzeiro (Port.), Zakuro (Jap.); found in Fruit, Leaf

    Pyrus communis L. — Pear; found in Fruit

    Rhododendron dauricum L. — Chinese Alpenrose; found in Plant

    Rhododendron ferrugineum L. — Rusty-Leaved Alpenrose; found in Leaf

    Rhododendron ponticum L. — Pontic Alpenrose; found in Leaf

    Rosmarinus officinalis L. — Rosemary; found in Plant, Shoot

    Rubus fruticosus — Blackberry; found in Plant

    Salvia officinalis L. — Sage; found in Leaf, Stem

    Salvia sclarea L. — Clary Sage; found in Plant

    Salvia triloba L. — Greek Sage; found in Plant

    Sambucus nigra L. — Black Elder, Elder, European Alder, European Elder, European Elderberry; found in Bark, Flower , Leaf

    Sanguisorba officinalis L. — Greater Burnet; found in Plant

    Satureja hortensis L. — Summer Savory; found in Leaf, Stem

    Satureja montana L. — Savory, Winter Savory; found in Plant

    Sorbus aucubaria L. — Rowan Berry; found in Fruit

    Syringa vulgaris L. — Lilac; found in Leaf

    Teucrium chamaedrys L. — Wall Germander; found in Plant

    Teucrium polium L. — Golden Germander; found in Plant

    Teucrium scordium — Water Germander; found in Plant

    Teucrium scorodonia L. — Germander, Wood Germander; found in Leaf

    Thevetia peruviana (PERS.) K. SCHUM. — Adelfa Amarilla (Sp.), Cabalonga (Sp.), Chirca (Sp.), Loandro-Amarelo (Port.), Luckynut, Oleandre Jaune (Fr.), Peruvian Yellow Oleander, Thevetie (Ger.), Yellow Oleander; found in Leaf

    Thymus serpyllum L. — Creeping Thyme; found in Plant

    Thymus vulgaris L. — Common Thyme, Garden Thyme, Thyme; found in Plant

    Uncaria tomentosa DC — Cat’s Claw, Garabato Amarillo, Una de Gato; found in Plant

    Vaccinium corymbosum L. — Blueberry; found in Plant

    Vaccinium myrtillus L. — Bilberry, Dwarf Bilberry, Whortleberry; found in Fruit, Leaf

    Vaccinium vitis-idaea var. minus LODD. — Cowberry, Lingen, Lingonberry; found in Fruit

    Verbena officinalis L. — Vervain; found in Plant

    Viburnum opulus subsp. var. opulus — Crampbark, European Cranberry Bush, Guelder Rose, Snowballbush; found in Fruit

    Viburnum prunifolium L. — Black Haw; found in Bark

    Vinca minor L. — Periwinkle, Running-Myrtle; found in Leaf, Plant

    Zizyphus jujuba MILL. — Da-Zao, Jujube, Ta-Tsao; found in Plant

     

     

    Plant parts with Aromatase-inhibitor Activity
    from the chemical SECOISOLARICIRESINOL
    Linum usitatissimum L. — Flax, Linseed; found in Plant

     

     

    Plant parts with Aromatase-inhibitor Activity
    from the chemical NARINGENIN

    Anacardium occidentale L. — Cashew; found in Seed

    Artemisia dracunculus L. — Tarragon; found in Shoot

    Camellia sinensis (L.) KUNTZE — Tea; found in Shoot

    Centaurea calcitrapa L. — Star-Thistle; found in Plant

    Citrus aurantium L. — Bitter Orange, Petitgrain; found in Plant

    Citrus paradisi MacFAD. — Grapefruit; found in Fruit

    Citrus sinensis (L.) OSBECK — Orange; found in Pericarp

    Equisetum arvense L. — Field Horsetail, Horsetail; found in Plant

    Glycine max (L.) MERR. — Soybean; found in Leaf

    Glycyrrhiza glabra L. — Commom Licorice, Licorice, Licorice-Root, Smooth Licorice; found in Shoot

    Lippia graveolens HBK — Oregano; found in Root, Shoot

    Lycopersicon esculentum MILLER — Tomato; found in Fruit

    Monarda didyma L. — Beebalm, Oswego Tea; found in Plant

    Origanum vulgare L. — Common Turkish Oregano, European Oregano, Oregano, Pot Marjoram, Wild Marjoram, Wild Oregano; found in Plant

    Petroselinum crispum (MILLER) NYMAN EX A. W. HILLL — Parsley; found in Plant

    Prunus cerasus L. — Sour Cherry; found in Fruit

    Prunus persica (L.) BATSCH — Peach; found in Plant

    Silybum marianum (L.) GAERTN. — Lady’s Thistle, Milk Thistle; found in Fruit

    Thymus vulgaris L. — Common Thyme, Garden Thyme, Thyme; found in Plant

    Vigna radiata (L.) WILCZEK — Green Gram, Mungbean; found in Plant

     

    Plant parts with Aromatase-inhibitor Activity
    from the chemical LUTEOLIN
    Achillea millefolium L. — Milfoil, Yarrow; found in Plant

    Alisma plantago-aquatica L. — Mud Plantain, Tse-Hsieh, Water Plantain, Ze-Xie; found in Plant

    Ammi majus L. — Bishop’s Weed; found in Plant

    Anisochilus carnosus WALL. — Panjiri-ka Pat; found in Plant

    Apium graveolens L. — Celery; found in Leaf

    Arnica montana L. — Leopard’s-Bane, Mountain Tobacco; found in Flower

    Artemisia dracunculus L. — Tarragon; found in Plant

    Baptisia tinctoria R. BR. — Wild Indigo; found in Plant

    Chamaemelum nobile (L.) ALL. — Garden Camomile, Perennial Camomile, Roman Camomile; found in Plant

    Citrus limon (L.) BURMAN f. — Lemon; found in Flower

    Cnicus benedictus L. — Blessed Thistle; found in Plant

    Cuminum cyminum L. — Cumin; found in Fruit

    Cuscuta reflexa ROXB. — Amarbel; found in Plant

    Cymbopogon citratus (DC. ex NEES) STAPF — Lemongrass, West Indian Lemongrass; found in Leaf

    Cytisus scoparius (L.) LINK. — Scotch Broom; found in Plant

    Daphne genkwa SIEB & ZUCC. — Yuan Hua; found in Flower

    Daucus carota L. — Carrot; found in Plant

    Digitalis lanata EHRH. — Grecian Foxglove; found in Leaf

    Digitalis purpurea L. — Purple Foxglove; found in Leaf

    Echinacea spp — Coneflower, Echinacea; found in Leaf

    Equisetum arvense L. — Field Horsetail, Horsetail; found in Plant

    Ginkgo biloba L. — Ginkgo, Maidenhair Tree; found in Leaf

    Glechoma hederacea L. — Alehoof; found in Plant

    Harpagophytum procumbens (BURCH.) DC. EX MEISN. — Devil’s Claw, Grapple Plant; found in Root

    Hydnocarpus wightiana BLUME — Hindi Chaulmoogra; found in Seed

    Juncus effusus L. — Rush; found in Plant

    Lactuca sativa L. — Lettuce; found in Plant

    Lavandula angustifolia MILLER — English Lavender; found in Plant

    Lawsonia inermis L. — Henna, Jamaica-Mignonette, Mignonette, Mignonette Tree; found in Plant

    Linum usitatissimum L. — Flax, Linseed; found in Plant

    Lonicera japonica THUNB. — Japanese Honeysuckle; found in Flower

    Marrubium vulgare L. — Horehound, White Horehound; found in Plant

    Matricaria recutita L. — Annual Camomile, German Camomile, Wild Camomile; found in Plant

    Mentha arvensis var. piperascens MALINV. EX L. H. BAILEY — Cornmint, Field Mint, Japanese Mint; found in Shoot

    Mentha spicata L. — Hortela da Folha Miuda, Spearmint; found in Leaf

    Mentha x piperita subsp. nothosubsp. piperita — Peppermint; found in Leaf

    Mentha x rotundifolia (L.) HUDSON — Applemint; found in Shoot

    Nelumbo nucifera L. — Water Lotus; found in Flower

    Ocimum basilicum L. — Basil, Cuban Basil, Sweet Basil; found in Plant

    Olea europaea subsp. europaea — Olive; found in Leaf

    Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) MILL. — Indian Fig, Nopal, Nopalito, Prickly Pear; found in Flower

    Origanum vulgare L. — Common Turkish Oregano, European Oregano, Oregano, Pot Marjoram, Wild Marjoram, Wild Oregano; found in Plant

    Passiflora incarnata L. — Manzana de Mayo, Mayapple, Passionflower; found in Plant

    Perilla frutescens (L.) BRITTON — Perilla; found in Leaf, Seed

    Phaseolus vulgaris subsp. var. vulgaris — Black Bean, Dwarf Bean, Field Bean, Flageolet Bean, French Bean, Garden Bean, Green Bean, Haricot, Haricot Bean, Haricot Vert, Kidney Bean, Navy Bean, Pop Bean, Popping Bean, Snap Bean, String Bean, Wax Bean; found in Plant

    Physalis alkekingi L. — Bladderherb, Lantern; found in Plant

    Plantago major L. — Common Plantain; found in Leaf

    Rosmarinus officinalis L. — Rosemary; found in Leaf, Plant

    Salvia officinalis L. — Sage; found in Shoot

    Santolina chamaecyparissus L. — Lavender Cotton; found in Plant

    Scutellaria galericulata L. — Marsh Skullcap; found in Plant

    Solanum tuberosum L. — Potato; found in Flower

    Teucrium polium L. — Golden Germander; found in Plant

    Theobroma cacao L. — Cacao; found in Plant

    Thymus vulgaris L. — Common Thyme, Garden Thyme, Thyme; found in Plant

    Tragopogon porrifolius L. — Salsify; found in Plant

    Tridax procumbens L. — Coatbuttons, Mexican daisy; found in Flower

    Trigonella foenum-graecum L. — Alholva (Sp.), Bockshornklee (Ger.), Fenugreek, Greek Clover, Greek Hay; found in Seed

    Vitis vinifera L. — European Grape, Grape, Grapevine, Parra (Sp.), Vid (Sp.), Vigne Vinifere (Fr.), Weinrebe (Ger.), Wine Grape; found in Leaf

     

     

    Plant parts with Aromatase-inhibitor Activity
    from the chemical GALANGIN
    Acorus calamus L. — Calamus, Flagroot, Myrtle Flag, Sweet Calamus, Sweetflag, Sweetroot; found in Rhizome

    Alpinia galanga (L.) SW. — Greater Galangal, Languas, Siamese Ginger; found in Rhizome

    Alpinia officinarum HANCE — Chinese Ginger, Lesser Galangal; found in Rhizome

    Glycyrrhiza glabra L. — Commom Licorice, Licorice, Licorice-Root, Smooth Licorice; found in Shoot

    Populus tacamahacca MILL. — Balm Of Gilead; found in Plant

     

     

    Plant parts with Aromatase-inhibitor Activity
    from the chemical KAEMPFEROL

    Abelmoschus moschatus MEDIK. — Ambrette, Musk Okra, Muskmallow, Tropical Jewel Hibiscus; found in Flower

    Acacia catechu (L. f.) WILLD. — Black Cutch, Catechu; found in Plant

    Acacia farnesiana (L.) WILLD. — Cassie, Huisache, Opopanax, Popinac, Sweet Acacia; found in Plant

    Acacia senegal (L.) WILLD. — Gum Arabic, Gum Arabic Tree, Kher, Senegal Gum, Sudan Gum Arabic; found in Plant

    Ageratum conyzoides L. — Mexican ageratum; found in Plant

    Allium cepa L. — Onion, Shallot; found in Bulb

    Allium sativum var. sativum L. — Garlic; found in Plant

    Allium schoenoprasum L. — Chives; found in Leaf

    Althaea officinalis L. — Marshmallow, White Mallow; found in Leaf

    Ammi visnaga (L.) LAM. — Visnaga; found in Plant

    Anethum graveolens L. — Dill, Garden Dill; found in Fruit

    Armoracia rusticana GAERTN. ET AL. — Horseradish; found in Leaf

    Asparagus officinalis L. — Asparagus; found in Root

    Azadirachta indica A. JUSS. — Neem; found in Flower

    Berberis vulgaris L. — Barberry; found in Plant

    Beta vulgaris subsp. subsp. vulgaris — Beet, Beetroot, Garden Beet, Sugar Beet; found in Plant

    Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. var. botrytis L. — Cauliflower; found in Flower, Leaf

    Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. var. capitata L. — Cabbage, Red Cabbage, White Cabbage; found in Leaf

    Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes L. — Kohlrabi; found in Shoot

    Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. var. acephala DC — Curly Kale, Kale, Kitchen Kale, Scotch Kale; found in Leaf

    Calendula officinalis L. — Calendula, Pot-Marigold; found in Plant

    Camellia sinensis (L.) KUNTZE — Tea; found in Plant

    Capsicum frutescens L. — Cayenne, Chili, Hot Pepper, Red Chili, Spur Pepper, Tabasco; found in Anther

    Castanea sativa MILLER — European Chestnut; found in Leaf

    Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. DON — Madagascar Periwinkle, Rosy Periwinkle; found in Plant

    Ceiba pentandra (L.) GAERTN. — Kapok, Silk-Cotton Tree; found in Flower

    Centella asiatica (L.) URBAN — Gotu Kola, Pennywort; found in Plant

    Chimaphila umbellata (L.) NUTT. — King’s Cure, Pipsissewa; found in Plant

    Cichorium intybus L. — Chicory, Succory, Witloof; found in Plant

    Cinnamomum camphora (L.) NEES & EBERM. — Camphor, Ho Leaf; found in Plant

    Citrus paradisi MacFAD. — Grapefruit; found in Fruit

    Cola acuminata (P. BEAUV.) SCHOTT & ENDL. — Abata Cola; found in Plant

    Consolida ajacis (L.) SCHUR — Larkspur; found in Flower

    Cornus florida L. — American Dogwood; found in Flower

    Crocus sativus L. — Saffron; found in Flower

    Cucurbita pepo L. — Pumpkin; found in Leaf

    Cuscuta reflexa ROXB. — Amarbel; found in Plant

    Daucus carota L. — Carrot; found in Seed

    Diospyros virginiana L. — American Persimmon; found in Plant

    Dodonaea viscosa (L.) JACQ. — Hopwood; found in Plant

    Drimys winteri FORSTER & FORSTER f. — Winter’s Bark; found in Leaf

    Echinacea spp — Coneflower, Echinacea; found in Leaf

    Elaeagnus angustifolia L. — Russian Olive, Silver Berry; found in Leaf

    Equisetum arvense L. — Field Horsetail, Horsetail; found in Plant

    Eriobotrya japonica (THUNB.) LINDL. — Loquat; found in Plant

    Erythroxylum coca var. coca — Coca; found in Plant

    Eupatorium perfoliatum L. — Boneset; found in Plant

    Euphorbia hirta L. — Queensland Asthma Herb; found in Leaf

    Euphorbia lathyris L. — Caper Spurge, Mole Plant; found in Leaf

    Ficus carica L. — Echte Feige (Ger.), Feigenbaum (Ger.), Fico (Ital.), Fig, Figueira (Port.), Figuier Commun (Fr.), Higo (Sp.), Higuera Comun (Sp.); found in Plant

    Foeniculum vulgare MILLER — Fennel; found in Plant

    Fragaria spp — Strawberry; found in Leaf

    Frangula alnus MILLER — Buckthorn; found in Seed

    Geranium thunbergii SIEB. & ZUCC — Gennoshiouko, Oriental Geranium; found in Leaf

    Ginkgo biloba L. — Ginkgo, Maidenhair Tree; found in Leaf

    Glycine max (L.) MERR. — Soybean; found in Plant

    Glycyrrhiza glabra L. — Commom Licorice, Licorice, Licorice-Root, Smooth Licorice; found in Shoot

    Gossypium sp — Cotton; found in Flower

    Hamamelis virginiana L. — Witch Hazel; found in Leaf

    Harpagophytum procumbens (BURCH.) DC. EX MEISN. — Devil’s Claw, Grapple Plant; found in Root

    Hippophae rhamnoides L. — Sallow Thorn, Sea Buckthorn, Yellow Spine; found in Fruit

    Humulus lupulus L. — Hops; found in Leaf

    Hura crepitans L. — Sandbox Tree; found in Leaf

    Hydrangea arborescens L. — Hydrangea, Smooth Hydrangea; found in Root

    Isatis tinctoria L. — Dyer’s Woad; found in Plant

    Juglans regia L. — English Walnut; found in Leaf

    Kalanchoe pinnata (LAM.) PERS. — Air Plant, Siempre Viva; found in Leaf

    Kalanchoe spathulata DC. — Beach Bells; found in Leaf

    Lactuca sativa L. — Lettuce; found in Plant

    Laurus nobilis L. — Bay, Bay Laurel, Bayleaf, Grecian Laurel, Laurel, Sweet Bay; found in Plant

    Ligustrum japonicum THUNB. — Japanese Privet, Ligustri Fructus; found in Flower

    Lycopersicon esculentum MILLER — Tomato; found in Seed

    Magnolia denudata DESR. — Hsin-I, Xin-Yi; found in Plant

    Magnolia kobus DC. — Hsin-I, Xin-Yi; found in Plant

    Magnolia officinalis REHDER & E. H. WILSON — Chinese Magnolia, Hou Pu, Magnolia-Bark; found in Plant

    Mangifera indica L. — Mango; found in Plant

    Matricaria recutita L. — Annual Camomile, German Camomile, Wild Camomile; found in Plant

    Melaleuca leucadendra (L.) L. — Cajeput; found in Plant

    Melia azedarach L. — Chinaberry; found in Plant

    Moringa oleifera LAM. — Ben Nut, Benzolive Tree, Drumstick Tree, Horseradish Tree, Jacinto (Sp.), Moringa, West Indian Ben; found in Flower

    Morus alba L. — Sang-Pai-Pi, White Mulberry; found in Wood

    Musa x paradisiaca L. — Banana, Plantain; found in Fruit, Plant

    Myristica fragrans HOUTT. — Mace, Muskatnussbaum (Ger.), Nutmeg, nogal moscado (Sp.), nuez moscada (Sp.); found in Plant

    Nelumbo nucifera L. — Water Lotus; found in Plant

    Nicotiana tabacum L. — Tobacco; found in Leaf

    Ocimum basilicum L. — Basil, Cuban Basil, Sweet Basil; found in Leaf

    Oenothera biennis L. — Evening-Primrose; found in Leaf

    Olea europaea subsp. europaea — Olive; found in Stem

    Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) MILL. — Indian Fig, Nopal, Nopalito, Prickly Pear; found in Flower

    Origanum vulgare L. — Common Turkish Oregano, European Oregano, Oregano, Pot Marjoram, Wild Marjoram, Wild Oregano; found in Plant

    Paeonia lactiflora PALL. — Bai Shao (Chinese), Chih-Shao, Common Garden Peony, Peony, White Peony; found in Leaf

    Paeonia moutan — Moutan, Tree Peony; found in Leaf

    Paeonia suffruticosa ANDREWS — Moutan, Moutan Peony, Tree Peony; found in Leaf

    Panax ginseng C. A. MEYER — Chinese Ginseng, Ginseng, Korean Ginseng, Oriental Ginseng; found in Leaf

    Panax quinquefolius L. — American Ginseng, Ginseng; found in Plant

    Passiflora incarnata L. — Manzana de Mayo, Mayapple, Passionflower; found in Plant

    Pastinaca sativa L. — Parsnip; found in Seed

    Petasites japonicus (SIEBOLD & ZUCC.) MAXIM. — Butterbur; found in Plant

    Petroselinum crispum (MILLER) NYMAN EX A. W. HILLL — Parsley; found in Plant

    Phyllanthus emblica L. — Emblic, Myrobalan; found in Leaf

    Physalis peruviana L. — Cape Gooseberry, Ground Cherry; found in Fruit

    Pinus mugo TURRA — Dwarf Pine, Swiss Mountain Pine; found in Wood

    Pistacia lentiscus L. — Chios Mastictree, Lentisco (Sp.), Mastic, Mastictree, Mastixbaum (Ger.); found in Leaf

    Pisum sativum L. — Pea; found in Tissue Culture

    Plumeria acutifolia POIR. — Frangipani; found in Flower

    Podophyllum hexandrum ROYLE — Himalayan Mayapple; found in Rhizome

    Podophyllum peltatum L. — Mayapple; found in Rhizome

    Podophyllum pleianthum L. — Chinese Mayapple; found in Rhizome

    Polygonum hydropiper L. — Common Smartweed; found in Plant

    Polygonum hydropiperoides L. — Mild Water Pepper; found in Plant

    Populus tacamahacca MILL. — Balm Of Gilead; found in Plant

    Prunus armeniaca L. — Apricot; found in Leaf

    Prunus cerasus L. — Sour Cherry; found in Plant

    Prunus domestica L. — Plum; found in Wood

    Prunus dulcis (MILLER) D. A. WEBB — Almond; found in Plant

    Prunus laurocerasus L. — Cherry Laurel; found in Plant

    Prunus persica (L.) BATSCH — Peach; found in Leaf

    Prunus serotina subsp. serotina — Black Cherry, Wild Cherry; found in Plant

    Prunus spinosa L. — Blackthorn, Sloe; found in Flower

    Psidium cattleianum SABINE — Strawberry Guava; found in Plant

    Rhododendron dauricum L. — Chinese Alpenrose; found in Plant

    Rhus toxicodendron L. — Poison Ivy; found in Plant

    Ribes nigrum L. — Black Currant; found in Fruit

    Ricinus communis L. — Castorbean; found in Plant

    Robinia pseudoacacia L. — Black Locust; found in Flower

    Rosa damascena MILLER — Damask Rose; found in Plant

    Sambucus nigra L. — Black Elder, Elder, European Alder, European Elder, European Elderberry; found in Flower

    Sanguisorba minor SCOP. — Small Burnet; found in Plant

    Sanguisorba officinalis L. — Greater Burnet; found in Plant

    Schinus molle L. — California Peppertree, Mastic-Tree, Peruvian Peppertree; found in Leaf

    Schinus terebinthifolius RADDI — Brazilian Peppertree; found in Leaf

    Silybum marianum (L.) GAERTN. — Lady’s Thistle, Milk Thistle; found in Seed

    Solanum tuberosum L. — Potato; found in Flower

    Sophora japonica L. — Japanese Pagoda Tree; found in Plant

    Spinacia oleracea L. — Spinach; found in Plant

    Syzygium aromaticum (L.) MERR. & L. M. PERRY — Clove, Clovetree; found in Flower

    Tagetes erecta L. — Aztec Marigold, Marigold; found in Leaf

    Tagetes patula L. — French Marigold; found in Plant

    Terminalia catappa L. — Indian Almond, Malabar Almond, Tropical Almond; found in Leaf

    Teucrium polium L. — Golden Germander; found in Plant

    Theobroma cacao L. — Cacao; found in Leaf

    Thespesia populnea (L.) SOLAND. — Indian tulip tree; found in Flower

    Thevetia peruviana (PERS.) K. SCHUM. — Adelfa Amarilla (Sp.), Cabalonga (Sp.), Chirca (Sp.), Loandro-Amarelo (Port.), Luckynut, Oleandre Jaune (Fr.), Peruvian Yellow Oleander, Thevetie (Ger.), Yellow Oleander; found in Plant

    Thymus vulgaris L. — Common Thyme, Garden Thyme, Thyme; found in Plant

    Tribulus terrestris L. — Puncture-vine; found in Flower

    Trigonella foenum-graecum L. — Alholva (Sp.), Bockshornklee (Ger.), Fenugreek, Greek Clover, Greek Hay; found in Plant

    Tsuga canadensis (L.) CARRIERE — Eastern Hemlock; found in Branches

    Vaccinium vitis-idaea var. minus LODD. — Cowberry, Lingen, Lingonberry; found in Fruit

    Valeriana officinalis L. — Common Valerian, Garden-Heliotrope, Valerian; found in Plant

    Vicia faba L. — Broadbean, Faba Bean, Habas; found in Shoot

    Viola odorata L. — Common Violet, Sweet Violet; found in Plant

    Vitis vinifera L. — European Grape, Grape, Grapevine, Parra (Sp.), Vid (Sp.), Vigne Vinifere (Fr.), Weinrebe (Ger.), Wine Grape; found in Leaf

    Zingiber officinale ROSCOE — Ginger; found in Plant

     

     

    Plant parts with Aromatase-inhibitor Activity
    from the chemical APIGENIN

    Achillea millefolium L. — Milfoil, Yarrow; found in Plant

    Anisochilus carnosus WALL. — Panjiri-ka Pat; found in Plant

    Apium graveolens L. — Celery; found in Plant

    Araucaria bidwillii HOOK. — Monkey puzzle; found in Leaf

    Artemisia dracunculus L. — Tarragon; found in Plant

    Camellia sinensis (L.) KUNTZE — Tea; found in Leaf

    Centaurea calcitrapa L. — Star-Thistle; found in Plant

    Chamaemelum nobile (L.) ALL. — Garden Camomile, Perennial Camomile, Roman Camomile; found in Plant

    Colchicum autumnale L. — Autumn Crocus, Meadow Saffron; found in Tuber

    Conyza canadensis (L.) CRONQ. — Butterweed, Hogweed, Horseweed; found in Plant

    Coriandrum sativum L. — Chinese Parsley, Cilantro, Coriander; found in Fruit

    Daphne genkwa SIEB & ZUCC. — Yuan Hua; found in Flower

    Daucus carota L. — Carrot; found in Fruit

    Digitalis purpurea L. — Purple Foxglove; found in Flower

    Echinacea spp — Coneflower, Echinacea; found in Leaf

    Ginkgo biloba L. — Ginkgo, Maidenhair Tree; found in Leaf

    Glechoma hederacea L. — Alehoof; found in Plant

    Glycyrrhiza glabra L. — Commom Licorice, Licorice, Licorice-Root, Smooth Licorice; found in Root

    Hydnocarpus wightiana BLUME — Hindi Chaulmoogra; found in Seed

    Jatropha gossypifolia L. — Spanish Physic Nut; found in Leaf

    Linum usitatissimum L. — Flax, Linseed; found in Plant

    Lycopodium clavatum L. — Antler Herb, Clubmoss; found in Plant

    Marrubium vulgare L. — Horehound, White Horehound; found in Plant

    Matricaria recutita L. — Annual Camomile, German Camomile, Wild Camomile; found in Plant

    Mentha aquatica L. — Water Mint; found in Plant

    Mentha spicata L. — Hortela da Folha Miuda, Spearmint; found in Leaf

    Mentha x rotundifolia (L.) HUDSON — Applemint; found in Shoot

    Ocimum basilicum L. — Basil, Cuban Basil, Sweet Basil; found in Plant

    Olea europaea subsp. europaea — Olive; found in Leaf

    Origanum vulgare L. — Common Turkish Oregano, European Oregano, Oregano, Pot Marjoram, Wild Marjoram, Wild Oregano; found in Plant

    Passiflora incarnata L. — Manzana de Mayo, Mayapple, Passionflower; found in Plant

    Perilla frutescens (L.) BRITTON — Perilla; found in Seed

    Petroselinum crispum (MILLER) NYMAN EX A. W. HILLL — Parsley; found in Plant

    Phaseolus vulgaris subsp. var. vulgaris — Black Bean, Dwarf Bean, Field Bean, Flageolet Bean, French Bean, Garden Bean, Green Bean, Haricot, Haricot Bean, Haricot Vert, Kidney Bean, Navy Bean, Pop Bean, Popping Bean, Snap Bean, String Bean, Wax Bean; found in Plant

    Phoenix dactylifera L. — Date Palm; found in Stem

    Plantago major L. — Common Plantain; found in Leaf

    Pogostemon cablin (BLANCO) BENTH. — Patchouli; found in Plant

    Prosopis juliflora (SW.) DC. — Mesquite; found in Plant

    Prunus cerasus L. — Sour Cherry; found in Plant

    Rosmarinus officinalis L. — Rosemary; found in Plant

    Salix alba L. — White Willow; found in Bark

    Salvia officinalis L. — Sage; found in Plant

    Scutellaria galericulata L. — Marsh Skullcap; found in Plant

    Silybum marianum (L.) GAERTN. — Lady’s Thistle, Milk Thistle; found in Fruit

    Tanacetum vulgare L. — Tansy; found in Plant

    Teucrium polium L. — Golden Germander; found in Plant

    Thymus serpyllum L. — Creeping Thyme; found in Plant

    Thymus vulgaris L. — Common Thyme, Garden Thyme, Thyme; found in Plant

    Triticum aestivum L. — Wheat; found in Seed

     

     

    Plant parts with Aromatase-inhibitor Activity
    from the chemical CHRYSIN
    Daucus carota L. — Carrot; found in Seed

    Pinus strobus L. — Eastern White Pine, White Pine; found in Wood

    Populus nigra L. — Black Poplar; found in Plant

    Populus tacamahacca MILL. — Balm Of Gilead; found in Plant

    Prunus cerasus L. — Sour Cherry; found in Plant

    Scutellaria baicalensis GEORGI — Baikal Skullcap, Chinese Skullcap, Huang Qin; found in Root

    Scutellaria galericulata L. — Marsh Skullcap; found in Plant

    Spartium junceum L. — Genet, Spanish Broom, Weaver’s Broom; found in Plant

     

     

    Plant parts with Aromatase-inhibitor Activity
    from the chemical KAEMPFERIDE
    Alpinia galanga (L.) SW. — Greater Galangal, Languas, Siamese Ginger; found in Rhizome

    Prunus cerasus L. — Sour Cherry; found in Plant

    Prunus domestica L. — Plum; found in Wood

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